Thursday, February 2, 2023

NARA Seeks Check for Classified Docs

 National Archives asks representatives of past six administrations to check for classified documents



The National Archives and Records Administration is asking representatives of the six most recent past presidential administrations to comb through their personal records again to check for any classified or other presidential records, according to the text of a letter obtained by CBS News. 

The request comes after documents with classification markings were found at the private residences of former Vice President Mike Pence, former President Donald Trump and President Joe BidenCNN was first to report the requests from NARA to past presidents and vice presidents. 

The Presidential Records Act, passed during former President Jimmy Carter's administration but not effective until the Reagan administration, outlines requirements for the preservation and turning over of all presidential records upon leaving office. The National Archives is responsible for the storage and safekeeping of those records. Letters were sent to representatives of the Trump, Obama, W. Bush, Clinton, H.W. Bush and Reagan administrations. 

"Over the last year there have been several instances reported in the media where records containing classified information and subject to the Presidential Records Act (PRA) have been identified outside of the physical custody of the National Archives and Records Administration," the letters say. "... The responsibility to comply with the PRA does not diminish after the end of an administration. Therefore, we request that you conduct an assessment of any materials held outside of NARA that relate to the Administration for which you serve as a designated representative under the PRA, to determine whether bodies of materials previously assumed to be personal in nature might inadvertently contain Presidential or Vice Presidential records subject to the PRA, whether classified or unclassified."

 The United States National Archives building is shown on October 26, 2017 in Washington, DC. MARK WILSON / GETTY IMAGES

The most recent revelations of records marked as classified came from Pence, whose team disclosed earlier this week that documents marked classified were found at his Indiana home and turned over to authorities. The documents were among boxes of briefing books and papers dealing with foreign trips, according to two people familiar with the discovery of them. Part of the explanation from one source is that Trump discouraged aides from preparing to move out, so "Pence's aides didn't begin packing until after the Capitol attack." 

This summer, the FBI executed a search warrant at Trump's primary residence at Mar-a-Lago that yielded hundreds of documents marked classified. The National Archives had asked the Justice Department to intervene after multiple requests to turn over documents. 

Attorney General Merrick Garland has appointed a special counsel to investigate

The Biden White House has been tight-lipped when asked repeatedly by reporters whether the administration should reform its procedures for classified records, or whether all past former presidents should check their records for any classified documents. 

"I would refer you to the White House Counsel office. I'm just not going to comment on any change of procedure — procedure, how things should move forward," White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre said in the unhelpful phrase that has become all-too familiar to White House journalists. "I would refer you to the White House Counsel's office." 

According to a source familiar with the matter, on Nov. 10, a senior official in the Justice Department National Security Division wrote a letter to Mr. Biden's legal team asking for their cooperation with the department's inquiry into the documents.

The Justice Department official asked specifically that Mr. Biden's legal team secure the materials from the Penn Biden Center and refrain from further reviewing them or moving them, the source said. The official also requested that the Biden team provide the Justice Department formal consent to review the Penn Biden materials and provide a list of other known locations where relevant materials might be stored, per the source.

The source said that the Biden team agreed that they would inform the Justice Department if they learned, or had reason to believe, such records might be in any other location.

The Democratic and Republican leaders of the Senate intelligence committee told "Face the Nation" that they needed to access to the documents found in Trump and Mr. Biden's possession. 

"Our job is not to figure out if somebody mishandled those. Our job is to make sure there's not an intelligence compromise," Democratic Senate intelligence committee chair Mark Warner said. "And while the director of national intelligence had been willing to brief us earlier, now that you've got the special counsel, the notion that we're going to be left in limbo and we can't do our job — that just cannot stand."

CBS News has reached out to representatives of former officeholders. 

A source close to former President Obama said they turned over everything to NARA upon Mr. Obama's departure from office. 

Freddy Ford, former President George W. Bush's aide said, "All of our presidential records — classified and unclassified — were turned over to NARA upon leaving the White House." 

Former President Bill Clinton's office said, "All of President Clinton's classified materials were properly turned over to NARA in accordance with the Presidential Records Act." 

A spokesperson for Carter told CBS News they "looked into this" and "no one at The Carter Center, in President Carter's personal office, or the current director of the Jimmy Carter Library and Museum recalls any instance of classified documents being found at his home or office."

FBI Director Christopher Wray, at an unrelated press conference on Thursday, said, "We have had for quite a number of years any number of mishandling investigations. That is unfortunately a regular part of our counterintelligence division's and counterintelligence program's work."

— Robert Costa, Arden Farhi and Nancy Cordes contributed to this report. 

Thursday, January 26, 2023

Oversight Committee Stacked with Anti-Biden Republicans

Dream Team: Oversight Committee Stacked with Conservative Firebrands

January 17, 2023

In The News

View Article Here


17 Jan 2023

The House Republican Steering Committee on Tuesday selected several conservative firebrands to serve on the Oversight Committee during the 118th Congress, including multiple members who previously had their committee assignments stripped by House Democrats during the previous Congress.

The GOP-led House Oversight Committee will be composed of Reps. Kelly Armstrong (R-ND), Lauren Boebert (R-CO), Tim Burchett (R-TN), Eric Burlison (R-MO), Byron Donalds (R-FL), Chuck Edwards (R-NC), Russell Fry (R-SC), Marjorie Taylor Greene (R-GA), Paul Gosar (R-AZ), Nick Langworthy (R-NY), Jake LaTurner (R-KS), Gary Palmer (R-AL), Anna Paulina Luna (R-FL), Scott Perry (R-PA), Lisa McClain (R-MI), Pete Sessions (R-TX), and William Timmons (R-SC).

“I’m honored to be joining the House Committee on Oversight and Accountability,” Boebert tweeted after the Steering Committee’s selections. “Chairman @RepJamesComer, let’s get to work!”

The Steering Committee selections will have to be approved by a vote from the entire House Republican conference, which “typically approves the Steering Committee’s recommendations,” according to The Hill.

In the weeks leading up to the 118th Congress, Biden’s White House announced they would not co comply with GOP oversight requests until they officially took majority control of the House.

However, Oversight Committee Chairman James Comer (R-KY) has recently begun probing President Joe Biden’s handling of classified documents after reports that several boxes of White House records from his tenure as vice president were found in multiple locations.

Reps. Green and Gosar’s appointments to the Oversight Committee are significant because both members were stripped of their committee assignments by Democrats during the previous Congress.

House Democrats in February 2021, just one month after she took office, voted to remove Green from her committee assignments amid controversy surrounding her social media activity.

Then, in November 2021, House Democrats voted to remove Gosar from his committee assignments, which included the Oversight Committee, after he posted a controversial anime edited video to his Twitter account.

Along with investigating Biden’s handling of classified documents, the Republican-led Oversight Committee has also pledged to investigate the Biden White House for several things, including the ongoing border and fentanyl crises, the energy crisis, Biden’s withdrawal from Afghanistan, Hunter Biden’s business dealings, and the origins of the coronavirus.

Wednesday, January 11, 2023

The Joint Chiefs of Staff meet with German General Staff 11/22/63

 According to William Manchester in his award winning The Death of a President: November 22-November 25, 1963,

On Friday, November 22 in Washington DC, "Tight security was also enforced in the Pentagon's Gold Room, down the hall from McNamara, where the Joint Chiefs of Staff were in session with the commanders of the West German Bundeswehr [armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany]. General Maxwell Taylor, the Chiefs' elegant, scholarly Chairman, dominated one side of the table; opposite him was General Friedrich A. Foertsch, Inspector General of Bonn's armed forces. Everyone was dressed to the nines—the Germans out of Pflicht [duty], the Americans because they knew the Germans would be that way—and the meeting glittered with gay ribbons and braid. . . .

Simultaneously the Pentagon’s command center sounded a buzzer, awakening General Maxwell Taylor, who was napping in his office between sessions with the Germans. McNamara had a tremendous reputation, and he deserved it. Despite his deep feeling for the President — the emotional side of his personality had been overlooked by the press, but it was very much there — he kept his head and made all the right moves. An ashen- faced aide came in with the bulletin. Jerry Wiesner studied the man’s expression as the secretary read it. Wiesner thought: The Bomb’s been dropped. McNamara quietly handed the slip around — Wiesner felt momentary relief; anything was better than a nuclear holocaust — and then the Secretary acted quickly. Adjourning his conference, he sent Mac Bundy back to the White House in a Defense limousine and conferred with Taylor and the other Joint Chiefs. Over the JCS signature they dispatched a flash warning to every American military base in the world; 

1. Press reports President Kennedy and Governor Connally of Texas shot and critically injured. Both in hospital at Dallas, Texas. No official information yet, will keep you informed. 

 Manchester continues . . . In the Pentagon McNamara and the Joint Chiefs remained vigilant, though after their conference in the Secretary's office the Chiefs decided they should leave sentry duty to subordinate sentinels and rejoin their meeting. General Taylor in particular felt that it was important to present a picture of stability and continuity, that it would be an error to let their visitors from Bonn suspect the depth of the tragedy until more was known. 

At 2:30 he and his colleagues filed back into the Gold Room. He told the Germans briefly that President Kennedy had been injured. General Friedrich Foertsch replied for his comrades that they hoped the injury was not too serious. The Chiefs did not reply, and for the next two hours they put on a singular performance. Aware that the shadow of a new war might fall across the room at any time, they continued the talks about dull military details, commenting on proposals by Generals Wessel and Huekelheim and shuffling papers and directives with steady hands. Even for men with their discipline it was a stony ordeal, and it was especially difficult for Taylor, who had to lead the discussion and whose appointment as Chairman had arisen from his close relationship with the President. As America’s first soldier he would be expected to make the first military decision should war come. Meanwhile he had to sit erect and feign an interest in logistics and combined staff work. At 4:30 the meeting ended on schedule. The Joint Chiefs rose together and faced their rising guests. Taylor said evenly, “I regret to tell you that the President of the United States has been killed.” 

The Germans, bred to stoicism, collapsed in their chairs.

Tuesday, January 3, 2023

More on Dr. Fritz Remmler

 Dr. Friedrich Wilhelm "Fritz" Remmler (1890-1972), Hunter & Falconer

Friedrich Remmler was born to a German family Son of a German father and a Swedish mother, Remmler grew up in Finland and developed a passion for hunting at an early age. As a teenager, he acquired and trained a golden eagle for hunting, becoming the first hunter in Finland to do so. This led to the opportunity to hunt on the Kirgiz steppe with the Kazakhs, expert falconers whose eagles took down full-size wolves.

Remmler started to go on the hunting expeditions, through his father’s business contacts, he was invited to a wolf hunt on a Russian estate where the vodka-drenched all-night carousing is more dangerous than the animals.

In his book he skis after lynx in the bitter cold of a Finnish winter, spends a terrifying night adrift on an ice floe while hunting seals, is nearly washed out to sea on an island duck hunt, and meets a mysterious hunter who calls in wolves by howling. Later, running a business that supplies live animals to zoos, Remmler takes on the challenge of trapping live moose in nets. and grew up in the Grand Duchy of Finland, hunting & shooting at every opportunity in what is now Finland, Karelia and Russia. He pursued wolves with borzois as a guest of the Neratovs, ran down lynx, bears & more wolves with famous Finnish huntsmen, hunted seals on ice floes with commercial sealers where he was swept off in an ice storm, surviving only by luck.

He visited Russia's great eagle market at Orenburg, and made innumerable observations on the society around him. After WWI Remmler he ran a business in Finland, collecting wild animals live for zoos and collections around the world, pioneering the safe trapping of elk. Remmler came to Canada from Germany in 1951 and was employed as a gamekeeper for General Motors, where he helped maintain land owned by the automaker on Griffith’s Island on Georgian Bay, near Owen Sound, Ont. He also spent four years working as an officer of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.Eventually, he and his family emigrated to rural Ontario where he wrote this memoir.

He retired in 1964 but that didn’t mean he had stopped working. He continued to dabble in films, making children’s movies for the National Film Board of Canada, most notably, 1966’s “The Bear and the Mouse”, a variation on a fable by Aesop where mouse comes to the aid of a trapped bear in return for past favour. The bear catches and then frees a mouse; later, the mouse chews an escape route for his trapped friend. He passed away in 1972 as a result of a massive heart attack.

“The Memoirs of a Hunter- Experiences in Finland and Russia, 1904-1930” (published in August 2009.) The book is a true tale of hunting in the frozen wilderness of another time. Friedrich describes his adventures in graphic detail. His words are complemented by illustrations by Russian artist Vadim Gorbatov. Ingmar Remmler was doing a little housecleaning when he came across a hidden gem that had been buried for more than 35 years. It was a 450-page manuscript, written in German, that was completed by his father Friedrich, shortly before he died at 82 years of age in 1972 “I found the manuscript at home,” Ingmar said as he held up the work. “My father had originally written it back in 1972. He submitted it to publisher but they rejected it. They said it was too long.”

It is an astonishing account of hunting, trapping and hawking from a lost manuscript boxed in a cellar for over thirty five years .This is a staggering true-life adventure of deep snow, dark forests and times and places long since claimed by history. Described in graphic detail and illustrated by renowned Russian artist Vadim Gorbatov, this mesmerising account will captivate not only the hunter, but anyone interested in wildlife and the outdoors. This is a fascinating - and perhaps unique - account of a life divided between middle class St. Petersburg, the Russian aristocracy and the vast multinational peasantry.

Similar threads

Fritz Wilhelm Hunter & Falconer

Monday, December 5, 2022

Mowatt-Larssen Interview


     Here is the CC transcript of the recent Mowatt-Larssen interview, unedited and without the addition of the speakers’ identification:

     [Embedded video:  (15:55, with CC and capturable CC transcript, 27 Oct 22)]

Former Moscow Station CIA Chief: Why I Believe Rogue CIA Agents Killed Kennedy | Breaking Points

Krystal and Saagar interview former CIA Agent Rolf Mowatt-Larssen about why he believes a few rogue agents plotted with Oswald to kill John F. Kennedy


……by an Administration being sued because

of their refusal to release in a timely

fashion records records related to the

assassination of JFK let's go ahead and

put this up on the screen This from NBC

News the headline is what are they

hiding group sues Biden and National

Archives over JFK assassination records

as a reminder the JFK records act which

was signed into law by Bill Clinton

required the document to be made

available by October of 2017. President

Trump sort of kicked the ball down the

road to Biden Biden has continued to

push forward the date when those records

will be released raising a lot of

questions about what it is that they are

so worried about revealing join us now

we have a guest who's actually quoted in

that article who caught my attention

he's the former CIA agent and actually

former Moscow station Chief Ralph Moet

Larson he's also senior fellow at the

Belfor Center at the Harvard Kennedy

School great to have you sir welcome

good to see you sir it's good to be here

thank you so you had a quote in that

article and you lay down you know based

on your long history and experience with

the agency what you think is the most

plausible explanation of who was behind

the plot to kill Kenny I'll read the

your quote here and then you can sort of

elaborate you say what I think happened

in a nutshell is that Oswald was

recruited into a rogue CIA plot this

group of three four or five Rogues

decided their motive was to get rid of

Kennedy after the Bay of Pigs Cuban

Missile Crisis because they thought it

was their patriotic Duty given the

threat the country was under at the time

and their views which would be more

Hardline or more radically

anti-communist and very extreme

politically so

um is that some of what you think might

be revealed in this document uh this

document release if they ever ultimately

come out what do you think could be in

those documents that would be

interesting to the public

yeah I think it's pretty clear that

after 60 years the documents should be

released with the exception of a few

things that might just frankly

compromise something that the people in

the U.S government should keep secrets

so it's not an unconditional release

everything position I have it's after 60

years the truth belongs to the American

people the American people should know

the full truth I think it's worth

pointing out before I offer any comment

on my own theories is that our own

government in 1979 put out a report from

the house assassination committee

hearings that had crucial findings that

started with the idea that there

probably was an assassination uh a

conspiracy to to assassinate John F

Kennedy which means it's not really a

pure conspiracy theory it's something

our own government believes that same

report included the findings that the

U.S government in all probability was

not involved whether that would be CIA

the president FBI or any other arm of

the U.S government and I think it after

60 years if the U.S government itself

was involved in the assassination of

Kennedy we would all know about it uh

because we couldn't keep that secret for

for 60 years if it was a government plot

at the same time the findings included

the uh the Judgment that it wasn't the

Russians the Soviets or the Cubans or

organized crime that set out to kill the

president so that leaves the theory that

if there was any sort of conspiracy uh

it includedly Harvey Oswald but also

probably a small number less than a

handful of people from the government

who had the motivation

the means and the opportunity to

potentially kill the president so that's

what I think the the documents will will

help shed light on for the serious

researchers and historians who still

want to know the full truth to look at

those that that those documents to see

whether we can still piece together uh

the information that would end the

mystery of who really killed JFK right

and what leads you though to that

conclusion and and why do you have

confidence that it would even be in the

documents I mean my understanding of the

revelations of MK Ultra cointelpro the

only reason we even know about it is

because documents were basically stolen

by a bunch of activists which allowed

foia people to know exactly what to foia

otherwise it was such a tightly

controlled program the documents

themselves would have been effectively

lost to history into the church

committee so why should we expect that

60 odd years later that a similar kind

of cover-up hasn't happened in that way

well I don't think there will be

documents where once the documents are

released we're going to collectively say

oh wow that's what happened I think

again it's going to provide the basis to

to continue research to finally I'm not

in the school of uh believers who think

that this mystery will never be solved

because it's been so long I think we

have to keep at it and the reason we

have to keep at it is the truth is more

important than anything else what we do

know is even before the Kennedy

assassination uh there were things that

CIA uh itself

failed to disclose that covered up in

fact it was a very fascinating uh

studies of intelligence article in 2013

that essentially said John McCone who

was the director of CIA after

um Helms have been fired by Kennedy

after the Bay of Pigs


withheld information and deceived the

committee in the Warren Commission when

they asked him to testify so what that

proves is regardless of the reason and I

don't think it was to cover up any sort

of knowledge of the Kennedy

assassination the agency was worried at

the time about lots of things that could

have had tangential connections to the

Kennedy assassination I would call that

the covert action culture of the time

the assassination of the attempts to

kill Castro the dealings with organized

crime to do that overthrow governments

in Latin America there were a number of

activities the CIA was was conducting at

the time that that the CIA was clearly

trying to cover up and not disclose in

the aftermath of the president's

assassination so I think the reason

probably unfortunately this would be a

very bad reason of my judgment to

withhold documents that the agency or

the US government are embarrassed about

what the disclosures of these documents

might reveal about other things that

would to me be an unacceptable reason to

keep this secret we should know at this

point more more about those activities I

might point out that at the time Kennedy

was killed the CIA wasn't even under any

form of effective Congressional

oversight that didn't happen until 1979

with the church commission hearing so

again it's it's it's the idea of

disclosure and transparency is a duty

and if there's a a strong extenuating

reason why these documents should not be

revealed I think it would be wise forget

about the legality and the law it would

be wise for the U.S president to

indicate exactly what that would mean

that would that be that would cause him

to decide not to release these documents

that that belong to the American people

frankly not to the CIA well and the

current stance has hardly been

convincing to the American public a

majority of whom still believe that

there is more to the story than the

official government narrative here and

part of what makes you so interesting is

that you have so many years of

experience with the agency could you

speak to how what you learned about how

the agency operates how that informs

your theory of what you think the most

plausible scenario is here

yeah that's the question that got me

interested in this I I like so many

Americans uh I'm very interested in what

really happened I think it's a piece of

our history we need to know I didn't

become even uh suspicious that there

might be a a explanation where three to

five people might have conspired to work

with Oswald to kill Kennedy until I

examine that as a possibility and I

realized wait a minute if if there was a

small conspiracy of a very few number of

people who could keep the secret for 60

years and take the secret to their grave

be it fully witting collaborators with

Oswald in the plot

um then I I thought the most likely

explanation would be some CIA officers

at the time this is very this really

pains me to even suggest this and I'm

not saying I can I certainly can't prove

it I think it's something that needs to

be fully explored is the idea that it

looks kind of like a CIA operation in

terms of the motive that would be the

president uh betrayed for example uh the

all the people the CIA worked with at

the time to overthrow Castro at the Bay

of Pigs when he called out to Bay of

Pigs uh people would say well that's no

motive to kill the president but it

might you have to add to that perhaps

some of these maybe same people who

thought again a very few small number of

people who thought that the uh you the

president gotten over his head with with

uh the Russians in the in the Cuban

Missile Crisis and and there were civil

rights problems at the time and the

country was highly polarized I know now

we're living in a time when the

country's almost as polarized as it was

in the 1960s but it was a time AI when

there were extreme views on all sides

about the politics about what was

happening in the country and it's not


that a very small number of people

thought they were being Patriots if they

were to do something this monstrous

again this is not something I accuse the

agency of or think the agency had any

direct knowledge of but I when you look

at the key officials then and afterwards

even presidents later like Richard Nixon

and Lyndon Johnson and others they all

suspected there was a conspiracy I think

the most disappointing thing to me as an


because I serve the people first and

then I think of myself as a CIA offer

I'm a Citizen First the most

disappointing thing about this is our

leaders we couldn't trust our leaders to

tell us the full truth we couldn't trust

our leaders to ensure that we knew the

full truth they wanted to spare us from

the truth and I have never in my

lifetime been comfortable with the idea

that our leaders should know something

that in some way at some point the

American people also don't know yeah

what impact do you think that has had on

um the public because even if like

regardless of what really happened you

have a majority of Americans who think

the government is lying to them I mean

what do you think this is the result

from that

I'm so happy you asked me that question

and we didn't do any sort of rehearsal

on all this so I was wondering where you

were going to come at it from and this

to me is one of the crucial questions

and the reason I agreed to do the


um I'm not here to prove I think there's

a conspiracy of CI officers did that is

my fear that is my concern and that like

other conspiracies of that kind small

group of people work together on to kill

the president is is we should still

examine thoroughly but the reason why we

should release the documents is that

we're at historic levels of mistrust of

our government in general

usually because the government withhelds

things from us

that we have a right to know that we

need to sanction and it hasn't just been

in the 60s and 70s things like if you

remember Watergate it took the deputy

director of the FBI Mark felt

to be as we now know deep throat

Woodward and uh key source for Watergate

to topple Nixon in other words an acting

serving deputy director of the FBI was a

pivotal source of the truth so that we

could take down a corrupt president who

had broke broken the law and and in this

case with historic levels of mistrust in

the government I why add to that why not

explain if you're going to withhold

information after 60 years when a law

has been passed to release it

at least explain

justify why you would continue to take

that position instead of just release

the information I would accept that if

someone got up and said there's some

very specific things a few documents

we're not going to release but here's

all the rest of it that would be a much

more understandable position because if

the government is at a position in a

historic period where I think the US

government writ large but particularly

the National Security part of the

government defense department CIA FBI

Etc and the White House need to re you

know reinstill faith

with the American people that we're

being transparent and we don't use

secrecy to hide the truth yeah that's

really well said small step in that in

that direction

um well thank you so much for taking

some time with us we're really grateful

great to speak with you sir we should

have you back on soon appreciate it

thank you guys absolutely

thank you guys so much for watching we

really appreciate it thank you for

supporting our work uh counterpoints is

up tomorrow we're excited to see what

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next week love y'all enjoy counterpoints

tomorrow and we'll see you on Monday

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Sunday, October 23, 2022

More on Lundahl

 Dear Bill,

I just finished reading your new article on the Cuban Missile Crisis
and the Assassination. Great stuff as always. Very informative and

The whole piece about Arthur "Art" Lundahl was new to me, and I found
it terribly interesting. I had never heard of Lundahl but can tell you
for certain he's got Swedish ancestry, as Lundahl is a uniquely
Swedish surname. I looked up his Wikipedia but there wasn't a whole
lot of biographical info on him.

You mentioned that Arthur Schlesinger had entered in his journal that
"when he asked RFK about the assassination, RFK replied that the CIA
thought there were two gunman, probably based on Lundahl's briefing."
That's what really caught my eye. I know Schlesinger had been
"agnostic" (let's put it) about the assassination, but I had never
come across this piece of information. Would you happen to have a
reference to where one can find it?

The two-gunmen analysis jibes with John Orr's and my own, which is
based on Orr's but also the acoustics evidence. If you reconcile the
two, you'll have five shots fired from two locations, by two gunmen
that is. Both were located behind the limo, one at the TSBD sniper's
nest and the other, on the roof of the County Records Building Annex.

I've fine-tuned the synthesis and the resulting sequence reads as follows:

1. First shot fired at Z186, passes limo at Z187. Report reaches "bike
with mike" at Z188, Zapruder at Z190.
2. Second shot fired at Z214, hits Kennedy at Z216. Report reaches
"bike with mike" at Z216, Zapruder at Z218.
3. Third shot fired at Z234, hits Connally at Z236. Report reaches
"bike with mike" at Z236, Zapruder at Z238.
4. Fourth shot fired at Z311, hits Kennedy at Z313. Report reaches
Zapruder (direct) at Z315, "bike with mike" (echo) at Z325.
5. Fifth shot fired at Z324, passes limo at Z326. Report reaches
Zapruder (direct) at Z328, "bike with mike" (echo) at Z333.

This sequence is consistent with Zapruder's film, the dictabelt
acoustics, and with the Alvarez jiggle chart. It's also broadly
consistent with Orr's analysis, with a few adjustments to accommodate
the other sources.

Note also that there is NO WAY a third shooter was firing from the
Grassy Knoll, and NO WAY Kennedy was hit twice in the head. All of
that is pure clown show stuff, which is quite easy to prove.

In your article, you refer to the PATHFINDER plot to kill Castro, "by
shooting him in the head as he rode by in an open jeep". I did not
know Brugioni wrote that memo, nor did I know he had been involved
with developing the Zapruder film. So that's also terribly interesting
and I will set aside time to look into it.

Regarding "shooting him in the head", note that the shooter on the
CRBA roof in Dealey Plaza fired twice and hit Kennedy both times –
first in the back and second, of course, in the back of the head. Why
fire twice at Kennedy, only wounding him the first time? The wounding
shot was placed near the spine to immoblise him in the "Thorburn
position", which is an involuntary neurological reaction to such
spinal wounds, forcing up the elbows and folding in the arms towards
the throat.

Once you're hit in the spine, you're completely immobilised and simply
can't move – nor do or say anything much, except for involuntarily
move the arms like Kennedy did in the Zapruder film as the limo
emerged from behind the road sign. That's important as the head will
be kept still and thus easier for the assassin to target with the
second kill shot. A headshot is otherwise a risky proposition as
people constantly move their heads around, which could easily cause
the shot to miss its target.

Speaking of Schesinger, as an anecdotal aside, I was actually invited
to his home once – for a cocktail party at that. That was in winter
1998/99, my then-girlfriend was working with the grand old man's son,
Stephen Schlesinger, at the World Policy Institute. So we got invited
to this little shindig thing at the Schlesinger residence, a stately
second-floor apartment overviewing the East River, in the diplomat
quarters right north of the UN Building. Arthur was there to receive
us, sitting in a chair in front of his fireplace, bowtie and all. A
very "Breakfast at Tiffany's" experience!

Are you in New Jersey, Bill, or is that only a figment of my imagination?

Best regards,
- Per

Per Berglund, PhD (economics)
formerly global head macro quant, senior research fellow, PwC New York
now retired and safely ensconced in Stockholm, Sweden


By Bart Barnes

June 25, 1992

Arthur C. Lundahl, 77, a pioneer in photographic intelligence and the art of photographic interpretation who in 1962 informed President Kennedy that the Soviet Union had installed missiles in Cuba, died of respiratory failure June 22 at Suburban Hospital.

Mr. Lundahl was the first director of the Central Intelligence Agency's National Photographic Interpretation Center, and in that capacity he reviewed aerial photographs of construction activity in a field near San Cristobal, Cuba, that were taken in early October. On Oct. 16, he reported his findings to the president.

"Mr. President, I am as sure of this as a photo interpreter can be sure of anything," former colleague Dino A. Brugioni quoted him as saying in a book on the Cuban missile crisis, "Eyeball to Eyeball." " . . . I am convinced they are missiles."

Those findings led the president to impose a naval blockade and quarantine on Cuba. The crisis passed when the Soviets withdrew the missiles.

A Navy veteran of World War II, Mr. Lundahl began his career as a photo interpreter in the Aleutian Islands, where he analyzed photography obtained on reconnaissance flights over Japan.

After the war, he came to Washington as civilian chief of the photogrammetry division of the Naval Photographic Center. Later he became assistant chief engineer there. By the early 1950s, he had developed a reputation as a brilliant photo interpretation specialist and photo scientist who also was an articulate speaker with a talent for making highly technical material understandable to laymen.

This led the CIA to hire him to organize and develop its fledgling photographic intelligence division to process and interpret photography from U-2 reconnaissance flights, which were opening new directions in the intelligence field. For the first time, intelligence agencies had available precise and current data on land mass and physical installations throughout the world.

This intelligence-gathering process originally was intended to collect information on the Soviet Union, but it also was used elsewhere. Mr. Lundahl regularly briefed President Eisenhower, the secretaries of state and defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff on the photographic findings.

After Francis Gary Powers's U-2 was shot down over the Soviet Union in 1960, the National Security Council ordered that a centralized photo interpretation center be set up for all the intelligence agencies. Mr. Lundahl was named its first director in December 1961.

Operating out of the Steuart Motor Car Co. building at Fifth and K streets NW in Washington, Mr. Lundahl's unit reviewed photographs the next fall of what at first glance appeared to be farmland in Cuba. But enlargements of the photographs allowed the interpreters to discover objects such as missile transporters, launcher-erectors and other equipment indicating the installation of a missile base. It was that information that he took to the president.

A resident of Bethesda, Mr. Lundahl was born in Chicago. He graduated from the University of Chicago, where he later was an instructor in photogrammetry, photo interpretation, cartography and surveying as part of a war training program.

He retired from the National Photographic Interpretation Center in 1973 because of severe arthritis. He also retired from the Naval Reserve as a captain that year.

At his retirement, Mr. Lundahl received the CIA's Distinguished Intelligence Medal, the Presidential National Security Medal and the Defense Intelligence Agency director's Exceptional Civilian Service Award.

The citation on the CIA medal called Mr. Lundahl "a superb technician in the science of photographic interpretation and photogrammetry with few, if any, peers."

Mr. Lundahl also received an autographed picture of former Intelligence director Allen W. Dulles. "Art Lundahl has done as much as any man I know to protect the security of this nation," was the inscription.

Mr. Lundahl was a member of Chevy Chase Presbyterian Church and the Cosmos Club, and he was a former president of the American Society of Photogrammetry.

His wife of 42 years, the former Mary Emily Hvid, died in 1986.

Survivors include two children, Ann and Robert Lundahl, and a granddaughter, all of Chevy Chase.


Security Specialist

Roderic W. Moses, 52, a retired Air Force lieutenant colonel who was a security specialist and senior vice president of a Rosslyn technical services firm, died of a heart attack June 16 at a hospital in Moscow, where he was on a business trip. A resident of the Washington area off and on for 20 years, he lived in Alexandria.

Col. Moses retired from the Air Force in 1982 after more than 20 years of service. Since then he had worked for EG&G Dynatrend as a physical security and property management specialist.

His Air Force posts included Vietnam, where he was an operations and intelligence officer; the Pentagon; Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama; Bitburg, Germany, and Hanscom Air Force Base in Massachusetts.

He worked on security for nuclear weapons and against terrorist attacks and had testified before Congress on national security matters. He helped form the team that installed the first operational security system for ground-launched Cruise missiles.

A native of Eau Claire, Wis., Col. Moses was a graduate of the University of Wisconsin. He received a master's degree in criminal justice from Troy State University and did additional work at the University of Southern California, the Air Command and Staff College and the National FBI Academy.

His military decorations included the Bronze Star, four Meritorious Service Medals and four Air Force Commendation Medals.

He was a member of the Air Force Security Police Association, the American Defense Preparedness Association, the Retired Officers Association and Aldersgate United Methodist Church in Alexandria.

His marriage to Mary Gayle Asher ended in divorce.

Survivors include his wife, Emily Currie-Moses of Alexandria; two children from his first marriage, Tiffany P. Moses and Todd R. Moses, both of Chelmsford, Mass.; his mother, Doris Wray Moses of Altoona, Wis.; a brother, Richard W. Moses of Menomonie, Wis., and a sister, Marilee Moses-Bennett of Chippewa Falls, Wis.



Arthur Lewis Quinn, 91, a retired Washington lawyer who was an authority on the sugar industry and a past president of the Society of Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, died of heart ailments June 24 at the home of a daughter in Miami.

Mr. Quinn was born in Portsmouth, N.H. He moved to Washington in 1920, and he graduated from Georgetown University Law School.

In the 1920s, he worked for the State Department on claims against Mexico. In 1933, he entered the private practice of law.

In 1940, after a period as a member of a law firm, Mr. Quinn became a sole practitioner. In 1963, he was joined by his son, Arthur Lee Quinn. They practiced together until 1980, when the father retired from the firm of Hamel, Park, McCabe & Saunders, where he was of counsel.

Much of Mr. Quinn's work involved the sugar industry. In his book "The Super Lawyers," a study of the Washington legal establishment, Joseph Goulden referred to the Quinns, father and son, as "the uncrowned kings of the sugar lobby." Mr. Quinn numbered among his clients Tate & Lyle and other firms prominent in the sugar trade.

Mr. Quinn, who had lived in Miami since 1989, was a former member of the parish of Our Lady of Victory Catholic Church in Washington.

His wife, Elizabeth White Quinn, died in 1978.

In addition to Arthur Lee Quinn, who lives in Potomac, survivors include two daughters, Mary Immer of Miami and Elizabeth Kelly of Annandale; 11 grandchildren; and a great-grandchild.

As the father of modern imagery analysis, Arthur Lundahl briefed President John F. Kennedy on critical intelligence issues. As head of the National Photographic Interpretation Center — a predecessor to NGA — Lundahl kept Kennedy informed of Soviet movements during the Cuban Missile Crisis. He has been honored by presidents and was even inducted into the Order of the British Empire with the rank of Honorary Knight Commander by Queen Elizabeth II.

Lundahl was inducted into the GEOINT Hall of Fame in 2001.

Thursday, September 8, 2022

David Talbot on Why JFK Still Matters


For all those who couldn't be there... my Saturday speech:

Why JFK Still Matters

Speech at Sonoma Community Center, June 4, 2022, sponsored by the Praxis Peace Institute

We live in dreary times. Joe Biden has become a war and oil president, just when we desperately need the Democrats to fight like hell for their failing domestic agenda – the Green New Deal, Medicare for All, the end of student aid bondage, criminal justice reform, reproductive rights, gun control.

We’re now facing the real prospect of a Republican resurgence in the midterm elections --- and a Trump restoration in two years. In other words, an American nightmare. My prediction? Phony GOP populism will trump failing corporate liberalism.

And if Trump and his Republican confederates steal the next presidential election, will we loyal Americans have the nerve to take back our democracy?


Our only hope – and it’s a slim one – is that the Democrats stop listening to Senators Manchin and Sinema and the party’s billionaire benefactors and follow the lead of the militant labor activists and political leaders who are breathing fire into American life.

Democrats need look no farther than their own past.

Once upon a time, we had a Democratic president who engaged directly with the most burning issues in America. That’s not how the presidency of John F. Kennedy gets taught in school rooms or on TV shows. But JFK was the type of brave, principled leader we desperately need today. I’ve written two books that examine the Kennedy presidency and its violent termination – “Brothers” and “The Devil’s Chessboard.” And I could talk all day about why JFK was a unique leader – and why he was killed.

But today I will just focus on the final months of his 1,000-day presidency. Perhaps someday the eternal flame that burns next to his Arlington resting place will light our way forward.

In early June 1963, while President Kennedy and his brother Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy and several of their aides closely monitored the crisis, Governor George Wallace stood in the doorway of the admissions building on the University of Alabama campus and blocked Deputy Attorney General Nick Katzenbach and two African American students – Vivian Malone and James Hood – from desegregating the all-white university. Wallace finally stood aside, after President Kennedy federalized Alabama’s National Guard, with Wallace denouncing the federal government’s “military dictatorship.”

But it’s important to note that President Kennedy was willing to shed blood to integrate the university. People had died just months before during a segregationist riot at Ole Miss that JFK had quelled only when Army troops finally showed up on his orders. The night before Malone and Hood were to integrate the University of Alabama with federal support, there was a big Ku Klux Klan cross burning near the campus. Federal marshals were issued a shoot to kill order by President Kennedy if anybody attacked the black students.

Kennedy was also willing to split his own party -- shedding the Dixie Democrats, who had been a key part of the party coalition since the days of FDR, to advance the cause of civil rights. After losing the showdown with Kennedy at the university, Wallace told the press: “I say the South next year will decide who the new president’s gonna be. Because you can’t win without the white South. And you’re going to see the South is going to be against some folks.”

Wallace’s grim view of Kennedy was widely held throughout the white South, nearly all of which JFK expected to lose in the ’64 presidential election. That’s why Kennedy was leaning toward keeping Lyndon Johnson on his ticket, despite his growing political baggage – and that why’s he felt compelled to visit Texas in November of that year.

On the same sweltering day in Tuscaloosa, Alabama that President Kennedy and his men stood down Governor Wallace and his segregationist followers, JFK decided to go on TV and deliver the most powerful civil rights speech of his presidency. His top aides – including Ted Sorensen, Larry O‘Brien and Kenny O’Donnell – were all against him givng the speech, arguing that it would further isolate him politically. But JFK was for it – and the speech he gave in the White House that night, written by wordsmith Sorensen and partly ad-libbed by the president himself – should be viewed on YouTube by every citizen in our still racially divided nation.

Here is some of what President Kennedy said that night:

“This is not a partisan issue. We are confronted primarily with a moral issue. It is as old as the Scriptures and as clear as the American Constitution.

“The heart of the question is whether all Americans are to be afforded equal rights and equal opportunities, whether we are going to treat our fellow Americans as we want to be treated. If an American, because his skin is dark, cannot eat lunch in a restaurant open to the public, if he cannot send his children to the best public school available, if he cannot vote for the public officials who will represent him, if, in short, he cannot enjoy the full and free life which all of us want, then who among us would be content to have the color of his skin changed and stand in his place?

“One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs, their grandsons, are not fully free. They are not yet freed from the bonds of injustice. They are not yet freed from social and economic oppression. And this nation, for all its hopes and all its boasts, will not be fully free until all its citizens are free.”

Kennedy, “vowing that the time has come for the nation to fulfill its promise,” announced his intention of introducing in Congress what became the historic civil rights bill of 1964. LBJ get credit for it – but it was Kennedy who took the bold political step of introducing the bill and who gave it its most passionate endorsement.

In fact, after Kennedy’s White House address, Martin Luther King Jr, hailed it as “one of the most eloquent, profound and unequivocal pleas for justice and freedom for all people ever made by a president.”

What makes this even more of a milestone in the Kennedy presidency is that only the day before – on June 10, 1963 – JFK also delivered what became known as the Peace Speech at American University. These twin speeches – on the most controversial issues of the day, civil rights and the Cold War – demonstrate that Kennedy was willing to plunge into the burning house to lead the country in the right direction.

In this remarkable speech, which Kennedy’s defense secretary Robert McNamara told me years later should also be viewed by every American, JFK did something that no American president had done before or has done since. He called on his fellow Americans to change their consciousness about war and peace – and to empathize with the Communist enemy, the enemy we had been taught to fear and hate.

“In short, both the United States and the Soviet Union have a mutually deep interest in a just and genuine peace and in halting the nuclear arms race. For, in the final analysis, our most basic common link is that we all inhabit this small planet. We all breathe the same air. We all cherish our children’s future. And we are all mortal.”

The Peace Speech paved the way for the limited nuclear test ban treaty, which banned the atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons – the first nuclear treaty of the Cold War. President Kennedy was alarmed by reports that traces of radioactive poisoning were showing up in children’s bones and teeth and in the breast milk of nursing mothers. Ted Sorensen later told me that JFK decided to run for president in 1960 because as a student of history he feared a nuclear Armageddon could break out despite world leaders’ best intentions. Kennedy already prevented one such nuclear holocaust during the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962. And he was committed to deescalating Cold War tensions with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.

Khrushchev and JFK’s wily negotiator Averell Harriman had hammered out the test ban treaty over the summer months in Moscow. But Kennedy feared that he’d be unable to gather the 67 votes in the Senate he needed to ratify the treaty. Indeed, Republican Senate leader Everett Dirksen and anti-Communist nuclear scientist Edward Teller were leading a successful resistance on Capitol Hill – aided by the Pentagon and CIA. (At one point during the anti-treaty campaign, as I revealed in “Brothers,” the Air Force under the belligerent leadership of Gen. Curtis LeMay -- pictured below -- even hid an Air Force officer who could prove if the Russians were abiding by the treaty.)

To win the critical battle over the test ban treaty, the Kennedy brothers decided to play Washington hardball – a tough game that today’s Democrats seem to have no skill at playing. Finding out that Dwight Eisenhower – the former president who ironically had warned the nation about the growing power of “the military-industrial complex” as he left the White House – was the power behind the opposition to the treaty, the Kennedys put the squeeze on him. Eisenhower had let it be known that if the Kennedy brothers’ Justice Department dropped its corruption case against his White House chief of staff Sherman Adams, they “would have a blank check with me.” The Kennedys let Ike know they wanted more than his gratitude – they wanted him to drop his opposition to the treaty. The old general reluctantly agreed. And with Senator Dirksen suddenly singing the treaty’s praises, it was easily ratified by the Senate on September 24, 1963.

These landmark political battles – over civil rights and national security – demonstrate the true courage of the Kennedy presidency. They also help explain why President Kennedy was a marked man when he flew to Dallas on November 22 of that year. Thomas Merton, the Trappist monk who was a passionate critic of the Cold War mass death cult, sagely remarked on the fragility of the Kennedy presidency while JFK still occupied the White House. Only by a “miracle,” he predicted, would Kennedy “break through” the nuclear hysteria of the era. “But such people,” Merton wrote, “are before long marked out for assassination.”

Allen Dulles, the deeply sinister CIA spymaster fired by President Kennedy after the Bay of Pigs debacle in April 1961, snarled to a journalist years after JFK’s assassination: “That little Kennedy… he thought he was a god.” In fact, Kennedy – who at 6’ 1” was not “little” by the way -- had no such divine delusions. He knew he was a deeply flawed man. But as president he had the courage of his convictions. And if he had been allowed to live – and if leaders like Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy had been allowed to live – our country would have gone in a very different historical direction.

But John F. Kennedy and the others were killed for a reason. Their enemies triumphed. It’s our duty, our responsibility, as American citizens to grapple with this this fraught history. Because the past is never past. As Orwell taught us, he “who controls the past controls the future.”


Thank you