Saturday, May 18, 2019

Lt. Col. Lucien Emile Conein "Black Luigi" and ZRJEWEL

Please read the information on the following link Mr. Kelly: 

It proves one-hundred percent that Lt. Col. Lucien Emile Conein AKA “Black Luigi”, was a senior staff officer in the Pentagon to the US Army Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence program.

Bear in mind, this is the same Lt. Col. Lucien Emile Conein who headed up the ZRJEWEL paramilitary training program with Operation Zapata; officers Grayston Leroy Lynch and William Rip Robertson.

Other commando trainers on ZRJEWEL were David “El Indio” Sánchez Morales, José Joaquin Sanjenís “Felix” Perdomo “AMOT-2”, Col. Napoleon Diestro “El Ulupong” Valeriano aka “Col. Vallejo” (“JMTRAX” commander) and Col. Cecil Himes (U.S. Army School Of The Americas Commandant).

Posted on Following the ACSI Colonels Around the Board - DP CI-O Phase 2


homeresources / projects / cia cryptonyms / cryptonym: zrjewel

Cryptonym: ZRJEWEL
A paramilitary training program in 1961 that included Rip Robertson, Grayston Lynch, and Lucien Conein.
Grayston Lynch, Decision for Disaster (Potomac Books, 2000)

"There were two Americans in Cochinos Bay (the Bay of Pigs) that night (in April 1961), whose mission was to act as American representatives to the 2506 Assault Brigade and as insurance against any mishap that might endanger the effort. Those two agents were William 'Rip' Robertson, a tall, rugged Texan who was to become a legend in the clandestine services, and me."

5/12/61 request for approval from CA/PMG (note: Covert Action/Paramilitary Group) to Security Support Division/Office of Security: Grayston Leroy Lynch listed as a member of "Project ZRJEWEL". His specific area of use: "To serve as a paramilitary specialist in any area that is needed." Full details of use: "To provide senior paramilitary support for Agency activity under Project ZRJEWEL." (p. 338): Lynch had been in the Army from 1938-1960, then joined CIA. (p. 318) He had served in Bay of Pigs as a contract agent, this new contract would make him a career agent. (pp. 341-342) Memo to Chief, WH/4 (Cuba) from Chief, CA/PMG: Rip Robertson and Grayston Lynch were working together after June 1961 in Project ZRJEWEL. 

"Under the terms of Project ZRJEWEL, CA/C/PMG is responsible initially for their selection and recruitment, and subsequently for their training and developmental assignments until they are transferred to an existing operational project under jurisdiction of an operating is suggested that WH Division assume...(administrative) responsibilities for both Robertson and Lynch as of 1 June 1961." Chief, WH/4 also asked to protect the "deniable status" of Robertson and Lynch. (Note how p. 341 initially states "PRJEWEL", and p. 308 is identical letter except for typeface - "ZRJEWEL" - significance is that this letter was typed twice - why?)

9/21/61 request for approval for CA/PMG to Security Support Division/Office of Security: Lou Conein. Specific area of use: "In any area that is needed." Full details of use: "To provide paramilitary skills in any area that is needed." Handwritten within is "career agent - CSC". Special limitations: "Priority on PCSA (preliminary covert security action) and CSA per conversation with CA/SG/PERS."

1/16/62 follow-up letter from Chief, CA/PMG to Chief, WH/4 - Robertson and Lynch working together; p. 272: In April 1963, one of the two men was transferred from the AMTABBY commando group to the AMLILAC commando group, while the other man remained with AMTABBY. (page 268). 4/30/63 appointed REDACTED as Chief of the AMLILAC team. Based on the file, it may be Lynch himself. (p. 291) Lynch was TFW in 1962. (p. 288) 9/62, Bill Harvey approved premium pay. (p. 274) In 1963, he was with SAS. (p. 294) 4/19/62 clarification sought of three employees assigned to JMDUSK. (p. 274) 11/26/63, Stanley Zamka/David Morales signs fitness report for REDACTED (probably Lynch), who has headed a commando team from 5/1/63-9/30/63. (p. 339) Lynch has an IQ of 130, team commander and combat experience.

Deposition of Lucien Conein:

(p. 16): "I retired from the military in 1961 and returned to the CIA. I was sent to Vietnam in 1961 and I remained in Vietnam until 1967. I left the CIA in 1968, July the 15th, retired from CIA and military. I went into private business for a couple years and in 1971 I worked as a consultant for the White House for approximately four months, four or five months. I was then a consultant to the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs of the Department of Justice and I joined the DEA in 1973 and I am presently working for the DEA...(In the late 1961-early 1962 period) Mr. Colby had assigned me to work with the Minister of the Interior of the Government of Vietnam, and I was responsible to be the liaison between the CIA and the Ministry of the Interior on a program, on a project, which was called (the) Strategic Hamlet program."

(page 2 of 17): Nickname: Luigi. (page 5 of 17) Served in military in France (1944), China (1945), military-polit in Indochina (1945 and 56-59), intelligence in Germany (1946-53) and Iran (1959-61).
Ted Shackley, Spymaster (Potomac Books, Inc., Dulles, VA) 2005, pp. 55-56

"(In early 1962) it was decided to review what sabotage operations were being considered for implementation. This revealed that the team of Rip Robertson, Grayston Lynch and Mickey Kappes had been working for months planning an operation against the Matahambre copper mine complex in Pinar del Rio province, an important export earner and thus valuable to Castro...we completed the planning for the operation, got policy approval from the Special Group (Augmented), and launched it. The team got into the Matahambre complex as planned...we learned later that Cuban authorities had found the explosives (and) disarmed them...our Matahambre failure was not well received by Bobby Kennedy. His caustic tongue worked at full speed to let all and sundry know we were the new Keystone Kops. On October 20 the team was back at Matahambre. This time they were detected by Cuban security forces. A short firefight followed. Of the eight men on the team, six were captured. Castro broadcast his triumph over Havana radio. Heartburn was suffered in Washington, and of course the displeasure was conveyed to us in Miami with a series of biting and unflattering remarks.

Reclaiming Pieces of Camelot

BK NOTES: There is no mention of the Oval Office dictabelt tapes that White had and made cassette copies of that he gave to Christopher Fulton - I have an inquiry into the NARA asking what became of these tapes. 

Reclaiming Pieces of Camelot

How NARA and the JFK Library Recovered Missing Kennedy Documents and Artifacts

By James M. Roth

The small signing table that the library recovered in 1998 is visible to the left of President Kennedy. (Kennedy Library)

Throughout the history of the United States, citizens and government officials have worked to ensure that the American people continue to own and have access to the records of our government, and over the years the U.S. Government has gone to great lengths to protect, preserve, and recover the historical documents held in trust for Americans.

During the War of 1812, when the British were burning the White House, for example, First Lady Dolley Madison fled with many notable documents, as well as the well-known Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington.

Last year, Wayne E. Motts, a longtime Archives researcher, saw for sale a document that he had viewed and copied at the National Archives and Records Administration, and he reported it to NARA. The researcher who took the documents, Howard Harner, pleaded guilty to stealing more than 100 Civil War–era documents from the National Archives Building in Washington over a six-year period from 1996 to 2002. He was sentenced to two years in prison. It is a continual balance to protect the records in NARA's custody and make them available to researchers.

Among the more celebrated individuals suspected of misappropriating presidential and federal documents is Evelyn Lincoln, former secretary to President John F. Kennedy. Through the efforts of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library staff, the National Archives general counsel, and the U.S. Department of Justice, many of these documents and items apparently taken by Lincoln have now been returned to their rightful place. This is the story of how that happened.

* * *
After President John F. Kennedy's tragic death in Dallas in November 1963, his longtime personal secretary, Evelyn Lincoln, was entrusted with safekeeping his personal effects, historical items, and writings.

The Kennedy family asked Lincoln to gather together all materials and organize them so that they could make decisions about what would be donated to the Kennedy Library and what would be retained by the family. Lincoln also had a longstanding practice, dating back to her initial service as secretary to Senator Kennedy beginning in 1953, of retrieving and collecting pieces of paper, including discarded notes and "doodles," that contained the personal handwriting of John F. Kennedy.

Unfortunately, rather than turning over all of these materials to President Kennedy's family and the National Archives, Lincoln appeared to have kept many of these items and eventually given them away or sold them.
Unsure of what was happening with President Kennedy's papers, in 1964 Robert F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy asked Arthur Schlesinger, a noted historian and former special assistant to the President, and Burke Marshall, a Kennedy family lawyer and assistant attorney general at the Department of Justice, to look into what Lincoln was doing, and they reported that things didn't look right. The family then asked noted author and Kennedy scholar Theodore White to examine and assess the contents of the whole collection. He commented at the time that there seemed to be big gaps of information in the collection.

At the Kennedy family s request, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., looked into the status of the President s papers in the custody of Evelyn Lincoln and reported in July 1964 that the situation was undesirable. (Kennedy Library)

During this time, staff at the National Archives, where Lincoln was working, had created inventories of the materials that she was responsible for. In one inventory titled "List of Objects in the Custody of Mrs. Evelyn Lincoln," dated June 1964, is listed a "Gateleg table" covered with a green blotter and assigned the number X-260. The "X" identified items that had been in the Oval Office. A National Archives memorandum dated January 5, 1966, states "the following items were moved by Mrs. Evelyn Lincoln" and includes the table. Jacqueline Kennedy also created a detailed list of material that she had sent to Lincoln. These lists would later help in the retrieval of many items.

One person Lincoln sold or gave items to was Robert White (no relation to Theodore White), a collector of Kennedy memorabilia. Their relationship began when a then-teenaged White wrote to President Kennedy. Lincoln responded to the boy's letters, and through this correspondence they cultivated a friendship. As he grew older, White began buying material from Lincoln, selling off some items to support purchasing other materials. He may have received other material as gifts from her. Upon her death in 1994, Lincoln bequeathed a large number of items to White and a lesser amount to the Kennedy Library.

The Kennedy Library first became aware of White's collection in June 1996, when a manuscript dealer representing White approached staff to inquire whether the library would be interested in buying a few items. White was offering two items for sale: a letter from Jacqueline to John Kennedy after their infant son Patrick had died and a journal written by Congressman John F. Kennedy during a trip to Europe. Library staff hoped to persuade White to donate the material to the library or to the Kennedy family rather than have to purchase items they felt belonged in the collection. While not successful in persuading White to donate the two items, staff were surprised to learn how extensive White's Kennedy-related collection was.

Two years later, Guernsey's Auction House announced a Kennedy-related auction to be held in March 1998, with White listed as the major consignor of material. What became apparent from the catalog was that some documents appeared to belong to the Kennedy Library and the United States government as well as to President Kennedy's family. At that point, the Kennedy Library alerted the Office of the General Counsel at NARA, who contacted the U.S. Department of Justice.

This bookend was used in John F. Kennedy s Senate office as well as in the Oval Office. (Kennedy Library)

Caroline Kennedy and John F. Kennedy, Jr., also became involved to pursue personal effects of their parents that were in the collection. At the preview of the exhibition, representatives from the library, NARA, the family, and the Justice Department examined several documents and discovered the presence of apparently classified material. Kennedy Library staff realized they were clearly now dealing with official papers of the Office of the President.

Once this was revealed, the library and NARA had to prove the material belonged in the Kennedy Library. Because the Kennedy administration predated the Presidential Records Act of 1978, these materials were not considered government records upon creation but rather were considered the personal property of John F. Kennedy, which were subsequently donated to the National Archives by his family under the Presidential Libraries Act. The National Archives had to prove the items in White's possession were created in Kennedy's capacity as President. The agency could then argue the material was covered by the 1965 deed of gift governing the material already held by the Kennedy Library.

NARA's general counsel asked the Justice Department to threaten to place an injunction on the auction. A few days before the auction, NARA counsel, along with the Department of Justice and library officials, met with White's lawyers and negotiated a settlement. The negotiation resulted in the library obtaining six documents and several artifacts along with copies of approximately 100 documents.

One of the first items identified was the mahogany table that Lincoln allegedly had taken from the National Archives. The table in the auction had an identifier number that exactly matched the original number from the inventory conducted by NARA staff. That number proved the table was the one used in the Oval Office by Kennedy to sign letters and important documents. The table, which is six inches lower than the President's desk, was selected because his personal physician, Dr. Janet Travell, requested a shorter table to help relieve his back pain. The table was actually a holdover from the Eisenhower administration put to this use.
The library also received Kennedy's leather briefing book for his summit meeting with Chairman Nikita Khrushchev in Vienna in June 1961. Within the briefing book are the official itinerary and press information for the summit meeting as well as Kennedy's notes. After Kennedy read the briefing materials on May 28, 1961, he dictated his thoughts, questions, and action items relating to the forthcoming meeting. These were typed up for approval and initialed by the President.

Many important documents related to foreign policy were recovered, including a May 25, 1962, memorandum with handwritten edits by Kennedy for the secretaries of state and defense on NATO and American foreign policy in Europe—"there are three or four presumptions upon which our policy has been based, which may deserve reexamination."

Others illustrate how the President set policy, such as the first page of a May 21, 1962, memorandum for the secretary of state from Kennedy about a military base in the Azores—"I think this bears out the necessity for us to work out a government position before we begin our negotiations and also explore the role that the NATO countries should play in these negotiations."

Some documents illustrate the wide range of issues the President dealt with on a daily basis. From notes of dictation on July 26, 1961, and November 1961, Kennedy discusses foreign affairs issues including America's role in Vietnam—"I am concerned . . ."; relations with China and Formosa—"we should come to definite conclusions . . ."; and tensions in the Congo—"what should be our policy. . . ."

There are also two resulting memorandums for the secretaries of state and defense with Kennedy's handwritten changes where he writes, "should I address a statement today to Khrushchev concerning South Viet Nam stating how dangerous we thought the situation was," and his warning to "watch Laos very carefully for any fighting that might break out again even though we decide not to intervene."

Copies of documents recovered show the daily routine of the President. A typed "To Do" list for January 28 prepared from Lincoln's stenographic notes of dictation from Kennedy outlines 14 points for him to address such as "check amendments required of Trade Bill" and "Vice President's Committee look at Air Transport ship."

There was also interest in the outcome of the auction by Caroline Kennedy and John Kennedy, Jr. Through their lawyer, they independently pursued the retrieval of personal items and correspondence that in the judgment of the National Archives was not material the Kennedy Library could press for. Three items that Caroline and John Kennedy, Jr., recovered were subsequently donated to the library, including the two items the Kennedy Library staff had seen in 1996. In addition to the letter from Jacqueline Kennedy to John Kennedy and the two volumes of John Kennedy's handwritten travel journals, the library received a mahogany wall clock, originally hung in the Kennedy's N Street home and later placed in President Kennedy's private room next to the Oval Office soon after the inauguration. This settlement was separate from the National Archives settlement.

A letter from the Department of Justice regarding the settlement between NARA and White outlined what material the Kennedy Library and NARA would receive from White's consignment to the auction, with NARA and the library ceding any claim to the remainder. But it did not preclude NARA from pursuing other materials not consigned to this auction that White might own. This would not be the end of the library's pursuit of material in White's possession.

In 2003, Kennedy Library Director Deborah Leff received a telephone call from NARA General Counsel Gary M. Stern informing her that a NARA researcher had seen a map of Cuba for sale on the web for $750,000. The map was advertised as The Cuban Missile Crisis Map, "the ultimate JFK relic, originally acquired from the noted Kennedy collector Robert White" with the claim that this was "the most important Kennedy manuscript extant in private hands." White had long sold the map, and it had changed hands numerous times, ending up in the hands of a collector named Ralph McElvenny. The director convened a team of archivists at the library to work with the general counsel to investigate the background of the document.

Evelyn Lincoln kept corrected letters the President had signed. At the top of this partial letter written to Commander Bacon on July 6, 1952, she wrote: Last page—signed by Kennedy—to White 3/16/90. (Kennedy Library)

After months of researching the materials and preparing a detailed history of Lincoln's activities after the assassination, NARA's general counsel was able to convince the Justice Department in March 2002 to file an emergency lawsuit, known as a temporary restraining order, in New York City to block the sale of the map. The case also included several documents relating to the James Meredith civil rights issue, which were held by a separate organization. When McElvenny sought to dismiss the case, a federal judge rejected the claim in April 2003 and ruled that if the materials were Kennedy's papers generated during his administration, they were presumed to belong to the library under the language of the deed. Then, following months of litigation, including depositions of Kennedy Library staff and the dealer and possessor of the map, the case was settled in the fall of 2004. The Meredith papers were recovered in an earlier settlement.

In the meantime, on October 11, 2003, White suffered a heart attack and died. This had no effect on the map case, but it did affect what NARA decided to do next. Knowing that White had an extensive collection of Kennedy material, the library's director and NARA's general counsel discussed the possibility of intervening in the estate of Robert White on behalf of the library. This would be the best opportunity for the library and the National Archives to retrieve the majority of improperly held documents in White's collection. Counsel determined that this would be a worthwhile pursuit.

NARA counsel approached counsel to the estate, and both parties agreed to try to reach a global settlement on all claims that the National Archives and the Kennedy family might still have on the White materials. In the spring of 2004, library staff were permitted to review the entire White collection and selected all items that were deemed to belong to either the library or the family. After a year of negotiation, a final settlement was reached by all three parties in the summer of 2005. The library and Caroline Kennedy obtained the items they claimed and provided the White estate with a release of all of the other items that they had reviewed. This release allowed the estate to have another auction at Guernsey's in December 2005 without fear that NARA or Caroline Kennedy would interfere. The settlement would not prevent the National Archives from pursuing other materials once owned by White.

Among the items that were recovered from White's estate were a left-hand suede glove that matches a right-hand glove held at the Kennedy Library, believed to have been worn by Kennedy at his inauguration ceremony on January 20, 1961, and a piece of wood from the inauguration stand. Originally from the floor of the U.S. Senate, this piece of wood was incorporated into the platform for the ceremony. It is believed that this piece of flooring is where Kennedy stood while taking the presidential oath of office. The wood is accompanied and documented by a signed letter from the Architect of the United States Capitol.

President Kennedy uses a pen from the pen holder recovered by the library. (Kennedy Library)
Complementing the earlier return of the mahogany table that Kennedy used to sign public laws, executive orders, and international treaties are 29 Esterbrook bill-signing pens, one used 2-fluid-ounce bottle of Sheaffer blue-black Scrip ink, and a wooden block holder with a large hole for the ink bottle and holes to hold up to 72 pens.
Also returned are two bookends in the form of spread-winged gilded eagles with five gold stars around the base used in Kennedy's Senate office as well as in the Oval Office and Kennedy's personal copy of Why England Slept, his first book, based on his honors thesis published in 1940, which he kept in a drawer of his desk in the Oval Office.

By far the largest amount of material recovered were thousands of pages of documents from President Kennedy and his staff documenting the official business of the White House as well as important files from his years as a U.S. senator. There also are some personal accounts and bills belonging to the President and the First Lady and handwritten doodles by Kennedy, including the first message he wrote after taking office on January 21, 1961, planning the week's meeting schedule: "Monday—Rayburn + Johnson" "Tuesday 9:00 Legislative leaders" "Thurs or Fri—Cabinet" "Monday—Rusk + Bundy McNamara." There are also medical records consisting of correspondence, statements, an immunization record, prescriptions, and notes relating to Kennedy's health and medical care.

The presidential papers recovered from White's estate consist of 775 items of correspondence, memorandums, subject files, thank-you letters, requests for assistance or appointments, letters offering political opinions or advice, and drafts of letters edited by the President. Had they not been separated by Lincoln, these materials would have been placed in the President's Office Files. This was one of the major gaps author Theodore White had reported on in 1966.

        President Kennedy wrote this reminder note during his flight from Carswell Air Force Base to Love Field in Dallas on the morning of November 22, 1963. Evelyn Lincoln s transcript of the note reads: Equal choice not any reflection back—govt reform—we are going forward. Accompanying this is a typed note from Lincoln stating that it was to be included in his speech to be given at 12:30 at the Trade Mart in Dallas. (Kennedy Library)

Also recovered are schedules and notes pertaining to the President's trip to Texas in November 1963, including a reminder note written by Kennedy during his flight from Carswell Air Force Base to Love Field in Dallas on the morning of November 22, 1963. Lincoln often made transcriptions of the President's handwritten notes, and her transcript of the note reads: "Equal choice not any reflection back—govt reform—we are going forward." Accompanying this is a typed note from Lincoln, stating that it "was to be included in his speech to be given at 12:30 pm at the Trade Mart in Dallas."

A significant addition to John F. Kennedy's Pre-Presidential Papers is a group of 11 folders relating to the 1960 Democratic National Convention. Before their recovery, the collection of Kennedy's papers at the library lacked material from the convention. The Democratic National Convention materials were collected and generated by Senator Kennedy and his staff before, during, and immediately following the convention in Los Angeles, California.

Items include hand-edited daily schedules; travel arrangements for Kennedy, staff, and family members; notes and phone messages; invitations to meet with various state delegations; letters of congratulations following his nomination; and a file relating to his choice of Lyndon B. Johnson as his running mate. In that file is a speech Kennedy delivered at the convention:

In the hours since your decision of yesterday, I have applied myself to making my recommendation to this Convention as to the next Vice President of the United States. . . . First of all he should be a man qualified to occupy the office of the Presidency; for however unlikely it may seem a prudent person never ignores the possibility of ultimate accident. Also our Vice President should be a man who from the beginnings of the Democratic Administration can help devise and carry forward the new policies by which we shall ensure the preservation and growth of liberty among our countrymen and all free men. In short, he must be a man of experience, of judgment, of imaginative patriotism, of known familiarity with the American system which we shall revitalize. . . . For it seemed to me proper to enlist the companionship and cooperation of the man who for eight years has been our party's head and who in the years ahead will bring us to an eloquent wisdom which is honored in every Continent of the world. . . . I commend to you as Democratic nominee for Vice President, the Honorable Lyndon B. Johnson.

There is also a Religious Issue File that contains information about Catholic candidates for public office and a letter dated July 28, 1960, from Kennedy defending his position in regard to how his Catholicism might influence his political future:

I am afraid this whole problem will come up again in the fall. My position, it seems to me, has been stated with sufficient precision so that my religious affiliations should not serve as a barrier to those who might wish to support the Democratic Party. There is no doubt that some members of my church do not share my view, although most in this country do. The important point is that I hold this view.

Along with the DNC files, another significant area of material recovered were the Presidential Transition Files, consisting of letters of congratulations sent by friends and colleagues to President-elect Kennedy and Task Force Reports about the economy, foreign policy, and the general program of the Kennedy administration and the inauguration written for the President-elect by members of his transition staff.

On foreign policy, the report advises "the great need . . . for integration of control over foreign policy activities under the Secretary of State. In this connection he might wish to consider further integration of information program and aid administration in the Department of State." Another report discusses the liberal-conservative balance, the inaugural address, and the program to be set by the Kennedy administration. 
Acknowledging the anxieties of both liberals and conservatives, the report advocates compromise "by moving quite radically on the concrete problems the nation confronts, producing balance because we satisfy legitimate elements of anxiety among different groups."

Another area the library was able to complete was the collection of invitations sent to Senator Kennedy and his wife for social and political functions, including dinners with the ambassadors of Cambodia, Austria, Pakistan, and the United Arab Republic. Kennedy also accepted many speaking engagements and sent out acceptance telegrams such as "will be glad to speak at a testimonial dinner for Congressman Flynn on Friday, April Tenth." The invitations in this addition date from the last two years of his Senate career (1959–1960), which were not included in the original collection.

Among the thousands of papers recovered from Robert White s estate in 2005 was a note in President Kennedy s hand, written shortly after taking office on January 21, 1961, planning the week s schedule of meetings with key legislative and administration figures. (Kennedy Library)

There also is correspondence in which Kennedy discusses his research for what would become his Pulitzer Prize–winning book, Profiles in Courage. Writing in February 1955 to Professor James MacGregor Burns at Williams College and Professor Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., at Harvard University, Senator Kennedy comments on political courage in the 20th century:

"[I]t seems difficult to find acts of political courage in this century which compare with the action of Senator Ross of Kansas in voting against the impeachment of Johnson, and John Quincy Adams' support of Jefferson on the Louisiana Purchase." He then asks them for their advice on "George W. Norris in supporting the filibuster against arming the merchants ships, [whether it] put his political career on the block and showed unusual courage."

* * *
This settlement marked the culmination of almost a decade of work on the part of the National Archives general counsel and Kennedy Library staff pursuing stolen materials that Evelyn Lincoln had taken.

In announcing the settlement, Archivist of the United States Allen Weinstein said, "I am very pleased that these important documents and artifacts are finally being returned to the Kennedy Library where they belong. 

It was the intent of the Kennedy family that the American people should have the fullest account of the Kennedy administration, and these materials are essential in telling that story."

The Cuba map case has also strengthened the law for the return of donated papers. With these two successful settlements, the library and NARA will continue to pursue and reclaim material that belongs in the Kennedy Library and in the National Archives.

Note on Sources

The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston, Massachusetts, holds the original papers of John F. Kennedy. Doodles, personal accounts and bills, correspondence, statements, immunization records, prescriptions, and notes relating to John F. Kennedy's health and medical care are in the Personal Papers of John F. Kennedy (#1). Immigration case files and correspondence, general subject files, invitations, legislation introduced or co-sponsored by Senator Kennedy, office receipts and bills, correspondence regarding office personnel, copies and drafts of speeches, press releases, campaign files, religious issue file, and presidential transition files and reports are in the Pre-Presidential Papers of John F. Kennedy (#2). General correspondence, thank-you letters, requests for assistance or appointments, staff memorandums, drafts of letters, files related to departments and agencies, subject files, countries files, and personal secretary's files are in the Presidential Papers of John F. Kennedy, President's Office Files (#3). Artifacts are held in the Museum Collection.

Finding aids for the papers are online at the library's web site.

James M. Roth is an archivist at the Kennedy Library in Boston. He holds a master's degree in American history from the University of New Hampshire, Durham, and a master's in information and library science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Friday, May 17, 2019

Robert I. Bouck RIP 2004

Robert I. Bouck, 89

May 8, 2004

Robert Inman Bouck, 89, a retired Secret Service agent who protected six presidents, rose to administrative positions in several divisions of the agency and later provided security services for the Federal Reserve System, died of congestive heart failure April 27 at the Powhatan Nursing Home in Falls Church.

Mr. Bouck was born on a farm near Elkton, Mich. He studied electrical engineering at Michigan State University for two years, then switched to police administration and interned with the Michigan State Police. He received a bachelor's degree in police administration in 1939.

He entered the Secret Service on Sept. 5, 1939, as one of the first two agents with college degrees in police administration. He was rejected for active-duty service in the Army during World War II because of high blood pressure, but that condition did not prevent him from providing physical protection for presidents from Franklin D. Roosevelt to Richard M. Nixon.

Mr. Bouck also held positions as director of personnel, supervisor of the counterfeit division, director of training and inspector of the inspection and audit division.

When he retired in 1969, Mr. Bouck was special-agent-in-charge of the special investigations and security division.

After leaving the Secret Service, Mr. Bouck was a security consultant to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. For nearly 20 years, he advised the board and individual Federal Reserve banks on security issues, including the design, installation and performance of security systems, the review of construction and renovation proposals and selection of contractors.

After completing his work with the Federal Reserve, Mr. Bouck was a consultant to the central banks of several nations, including Bolivia, Singapore and the Netherlands.

Mr. Bouck was a founding member and president of the Association of Retired Secret Service Agents.
He was a deacon and elder of Falls Church Presbyterian Church since 1953. He also served as president of the men's council and chairman of the property and maintenance, Christian education and personnel committees.

Survivors include his wife, Marjorie Dinan Bouck of Falls Church; three children, Judy Porter of New York City, Robert Bouck of Richmond and James Bouck of Chantilly; four grandchildren; and a great-grandson.

Tuesday, May 14, 2019

Oval Office Tapes - Where are they today?
Gene Morris, 


It has come to my attention from this video tape that President Kennedy had a dictabelt taping system installed in the Oval Office to record conversations and phone calls. 

The recently published book The Inheritance - by Christopher Fulton, says that these Oval Office tapes were appropriated by JFK's secretary Mrs. Evelyn Lincoln and inherited by the late Mr. Robert White.

According to Fulton, Mr. White made six cassette tapes of the original dictabelt tapes and gave them or sold them to Fulton, who his publisher says still has them. 

Can you tell me what became of the original dictabelt tapes? When White tried to auction much of the collection he inherited from Mrs. Lincoln, the government confiscated some of it. Did the government get the Oval Office dictabelt recordings? 

If so, where are they? 

If not, what became of them? 

I understand that there are many Assassination Record Review Board (ARRB) documents regarding Mr. White and his interaction with the review board, and White reluctantly acknowledged to the ARRB that he had possession of the dictabelt tapes, and I hope to visit the NARA soon to review these records. 

What I would like to know is whether the original Oval Office dictabelt tapes that Mrs. Lincoln willed to White are in the JFK Collection or at the JFK Library in Boston?

Thank you for your time and consideration in this matter. 

William Kelly 
(609) 346-0229 

Monday, May 13, 2019

The Oval Office Tapes

BK NOTES: The most significant evidence that Christopher Fulton inherited are the six cassette tapes Robert White made from the Oval Office dictabelt recordings that he inherited from Mrs. Lincoln, President Kennedy's secretary. 

Here's a short excerpt from the tapes that Fulton publishes in his book. 

From The Inheritance – Christopher Fulton (TrineDay, 2018 - (p. 79)

“He (Robert White) took a moment to find one box in particular, from which he unpacked a series of old dictabelts. ‘President Kennedy made these recordings in the Oval Office,’ he said. ‘There are meetings, phone conversations, and dictations of his memoirs made in ’62 and ’63. Mrs. Lincoln set them aside, so I inherited them. I haven’t listened to them yet, but I’ve made one copy of them on cassettes. Some of the belts stretched and broke when I copied them. I don’t think I can get all of the information off them a second time.’ With that he handed me six cassette….’they are the only copies in existence.’”

(p. 86) “I was eager to sit down and listen to the dictabelt recordings Robert had given me. He told me that they hadn’t been listened to in thirty years, and even then, only Evelyn Lincoln and Robert Kennedy had been privy to their content. This verbal history of the slain president had remained silent since RFK’s assassination.”

“I prepared myself; this was a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to be a fly on the wall in the Oval Office in the early sixties. It would surely be the closest I would ever get to traveling back in time. I felt a deep sense of honor as I pressed the button and began the playback.”

“Kennedy’s voice was much lower and slower than I anticipated, but it carried his unmistakable lilt. I used the fine adjustment on the tape player to speed up the rotation. All of a sudden, there it was – as if he was sitting in the room with me – President  Kennedy’s voice rang out full and clear.”

“I listened as JFK talked to John McCone, the Director of the CIA, in early November 1963. McCone said, ‘…There was a history during the administration of President Eisenhower when the Agency did play footsie with the opposition groups.’”

“’Was that a true story….the CIA did do it?’ President Kennedy asked.

“’Sure’ McCone said. ‘They supplied money, and they were involved in a plot against…..’”

“JFK cut him off. ‘Christ, they did it in Indonesia, they did it in Laos, they did it in Cambodia.’”

“I could tell he was agitated.”

“McCone continued, ‘We are playing for it with our own people, in our own press and in our own Congress. The Agency in those days wasn’t responsible to the State Department; the State Department didn’t know about it. Every time I go to Capitol Hill I get this thrown in my face:  ‘Are you in control?’ I told them I am, well I am, but it’s hard to live with the past…..We have to buckle our belts and really take the ambassador’s advice: get out gracefully on our aid program……Our public position at the moment….is the categorical denials we have anything to do with the opposition there, their plots, or the assassination of Diem, and Nhu…..’”

“JFK spoke again, ‘Yeah, are we going to say we are going to get out?’”

“’Mr. President, I think we are past the stage of being able to turn it around.’”

“’Well, it seems to me we’re going to have to have a public, and probably a Hill position on what we’re going to do about withdrawing our aid. Ok?’” 

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Saturday, May 11, 2019

Mrs. Evelyn Lincoln - JFK's Personal Secretary

Mrs. Evelyn Lincoln - JFK's Personal Secretary 

Evelyn Maurine Norton Lincoln (June 25, 1909 – May 11, 1995) was the personal secretary to John F. Kennedy from his election to the United States Senate in 1953 until his 1963 assassination. Lincoln, who was in the motorcade when Kennedy was assassinated, made a point of visiting Kennedy's grave every year on the anniversary of his death.


Lincoln was born Evelyn Maurine Norton on a farm in Polk County, Nebraska. Her father was John N. Norton, a member of the United States House of Representatives  In 1930, she married Federal worker Harold W. Lincoln, whom she had met as a law student at George Washington University.

Evelyn had always aimed to work on Capitol Hill for a future president, and she achieved this ambition in 1953 by becoming personal secretary to the newly elected senator from Massachusetts, John F. Kennedy. She proved exceptionally suitable for the job, and remained close to the president up to the day of his assassination in Dallas, when she was travelling in the same motorcade.[1] She made it a point to visit Kennedy's grave at Arlington National  Cemetery every year afterward on the anniversary of his death.
Many noted the irony of her surname since Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln were succeeded by a President Johnson after they were assassinated. However, despite rumors to the contrary, there is no evidence that President Lincoln employed a secretary named Kennedy.

In 1968, she wrote a book, Kennedy and Johnson, in which she wrote that President Kennedy had told her that Lyndon B. Johnson would be replaced as Vice President of the United States. Lincoln wrote of that November 19, 1963 conversation, just before the assassination of President Kennedy.

As Mr. Kennedy sat in the rocker in my office, his head resting on its back he placed his left leg across his right knee. He rocked slightly as he talked. In a slow pensive voice he said to me, 'You know if I am re-elected in sixty-four, I am going to spend more and more time toward making government service an honorable career. I would like to tailor the executive and legislative branches of government so that they can keep up with the tremendous strides and progress being made in other fields.' 'I am going to advocate changing some of the outmoded rules and regulations in the Congress, such as the seniority rule. To do this I will need as a running mate in sixty-four a man who believes as I do.' Mrs. Lincoln went on to write "I was fascinated by this conversation and wrote it down verbatim in my diary. Now I asked, 'Who is your choice as a running-mate?' 'He looked straight ahead, and without hesitating he replied, 'at this time I am thinking about Governor Terry Sanford of North Carolina. But it will not be Lyndon.'

According to the National Archives, Lincoln gave away or sold many of Kennedy's documents and artifacts that she had been entrusted with managing by the Kennedy family after Kennedy's assassination.[2] In 2005, a legal settlement was reached that enabled the National Archives, the Kennedy Library, and Caroline Kennedy to recover thousands of pages of documents and other items.

Lincoln died at Georgetown University Hospital in 1995, after complications that followed surgery for cancer. Her cremated remains were inurned in a niche at a columbarium in Arlington National Cemetery.


Lincoln was the author of two books:

My 12 Years With John F. Kennedy

Kennedy and Johnson, 1968


^ New York Times Obituaries. Evelyn Lincoln, Secretary To Kennedy, Is Dead at 85 by Robert McG. Thomas Jr. May 13, 1995
Evelyn Lincoln, Secretary To Kennedy, Is Dead at 85


This is a digitized version of an article from The Times’s print archive, before the start of online publication in 1996. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them.

Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems. Please send reports of such problems to

New York Times Obit

May 13, 1995, Page 001011Buy ReprintsThe New York Times Archives

Evelyn Lincoln, the devoted personal secretary who served President John F. Kennedy from the day he entered the Senate to the day he was assassinated, died on Thursday at Georgetown University Hospital in Washington. She was 85 and lived in Chevy Chase, Md.

Her family said the cause of death was complications after cancer surgery.

If the relationship between an executive and a secretary can be likened to a marriage, the one between John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Evelyn Norton Lincoln was a bond forged in political heaven.

When Mrs. Lincoln, then a 43-year-old Congressional aide, came to work for him in 1953, the new Senator from Massachusetts was everything she had been looking for in a Capitol Hill boss: a charismatic politician with Presidential possibilities.

And when he hired her, Mr. Kennedy, then a 35-year-old bachelor, got the secretary every politician longs for: an efficient, savvy confidante whose devotion to him and his ambitions knew no bounds.

The daughter of John Norton, a member of Congress from Nebraska, Evelyn Norton was born in Polk County, Neb., on June 25, 1909. She graduated from George Washington University in Washington and studied law there for for two years. Her husband, Harold W. Lincoln, whom she met at the university, was a Federal worker.

In 1952, after working for an obscure Georgia Congressman, Mrs. Lincoln began looking for a politician with Presidential possibilities and found Mr. Kennedy.

Within weeks of their first meeting, she had made herself virtually indispensable. In addition to her official duties, she once recalled, she was also required to telephone the women he was interested in to ask them for movie dates with the Senator.

Mrs. Lincoln claimed to be one of the first to know that his romance with Jacqueline Bouvier was serious. "He called her himself," she said.

Mr. Kennedy's election to the Presidency elevated his personal secretary to a public figure. Her office, next to the President's, became a nerve center at the White House, partly because of the candy dish she kept there along with the humidor full of gift cigars not up to Presidential standards, and partly because of the West Wing's layout.

Mrs. Lincoln had a direct view of the President in his office. And the President had to walk through her office to get to Cabinet meetings. Her office also had a television set on which the President and aides watched the nation's first manned space flight and other major events.

(Her office's strategic location, Mrs. Lincoln once revealed, was put to devious use by Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson. She said he used to cut through her office to give White House aides the impression he had been closeted with the President.)

Mrs. Lincoln, who was in the third bus back of the President's car when he was shot in Dallas on Nov. 22, 1963, became a macabre footnote to assassination lore linking two slain Presidents elected exactly 100 years apart when it was widely noted that Abraham Lincoln had a secretary named Kennedy and President Kennedy had a secretary named Lincoln.

Although she continued to work for the White House for a while after the assassination, Mrs. Lincoln never hid the disdain she felt for her idol's successor.

Before his trip to Dallas, Mrs. Lincoln later said, President Kennedy had told her that he planned to drop Mr. Johnson from the 1964 Democratic ticket.

The full extent of Mrs. Lincoln's devotion to Mr. Kennedy did not become apparent until after his death when she revealed that she had saved virtually every scrap of paper that had crossed his desk in the White House, including idle doodles and jottings she sometimes had to dig out of wastebaskets.

Mrs. Lincoln, who was one of the seven original incorporators of the John Fitzgerald Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum in Boston, gave the papers to the library, where the doodles and other ephemera are among the most popular exhibits, library officials said yesterday.

Mrs. Lincoln published two volumes of memoirs, "My Twelve Years with John F. Kennedy," (1965) and "Kennedy and Johnson," (1968).

She returned to Capitol Hill as a secretary from 1967 to 1973, but always had an eye out for a potential President.

In 1982, convinced she had found one, she campaigned for Senator Gary Hart of orado, telling one crowd, "The people who loved John Kennedy should love Gary Hart." His candidacy collapsed in a scandal triggered by womanizin
Mrs. Lincoln is survived by her husband.