Monday, September 16, 2019

Times or Israel - LBJ Knew Who Killed JFK

BK NOTES: This is dated over a year ago, but is just making the rounds.I believe LBJ did know who killed JFK, and it wasn't him, but he knew them. I don't believe Oswald was a full fledged Cajun, like my friend Paul - Pablo - a Louisiana pharmacist and friend of Marina. But I will ask him.There are a number of Israel connections - the primary one being Oswald's boss at the Minsk radio factory - who was Jewish, working for an American international company in South America when he moved to the USSR. Oswald dated and fell in love with his daughter Ella German, who this article says is still alive and living in Israel. Jack Ruby in particular, expressed concern the assassination would give Jews a bad name - possibly because of the Weinstein ad in the paper. Weinsteain should be asked about his if he appears as scheduled at the Dallas Texas Theater opening of the new documentary film "Truth Is Our Only Client" - that I will review as soon as I get a chance to see it.]

Times of Israel AUG 6, 2018, 10:32 AM
Dov Ivry

LBJ Knew Who Killed JFK

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An event of major historical importance occurred last fall and was totally ignored. It’s understandable, news has been going at a frantic pace, almost subsumed by fake news, embodied in probably the biggest hoax in history, the Russian collusion delusion and the Mueller witch hunt.

The US released the latest batch of documents on the JFK assassination. In there was a statement attributed to LBJ that he knew who killed JFK. And he got it right.

When the assassination occurred, I was working for the newspaper in my home town, Saint John, NB, Canada. My first reaction was, “that damn woman actually did it.”

It’s not my country so I never paid any more attention to this until a couple of years ago. I was doing a follow-up for a book on a major international mutual funds company IOS Ltd. into which vast sums of money had vanished. It was headquartered in Saint John. The number two guy was associated with the Montreal mafia. He had been in New Orleans in 1963 buying a carbine “to kill Kennedy.” Someone commented “well, all roads to the assassination led through the Montreal mafia.”

Since this event had been dumped into my backyard I decided to look into it. It just so happened that I knew something about Louisiana as well. Lee Harvey Oswald was a Cajun via his mother. I know Cajuns. They originated in Nova Scotia where I was born and as Acadians, they are 40 per cent of NB’s population. I traveled all through Louisiana interviewing Cajuns for a magazine article once. Cajuns don’t do stuff like Oswald was accused of. They are good people, as the rule.

I would find out later that a significant number of Americans had the same initial reaction as I had when the assassination occurred. They wrote to the FBI imploring them to check out that woman.

The bottom line is that the CIA under JFK had been bumping off leading political figures all over the globe: Lumumba, Trujillo, Hammarskjöld, Diem. He finally messed with the one woman in the world you did not mess with and hope to live to tell the tale.

Oswald was a marine who was sent to the military intelligence spy school in Nag’s Head, NC. He got into the Soviet Union, worked under the CIA using the code name “Harvey of Minsk.” He fell in love with a Jewish girl Ella German, asked her to marry him, she declined, so he decided to come home grabbing Marina, a party girl from Leningrad on the rebound, and married her. Ella German, who is now in Israel, would say that if he had waited just a bit, she would have married him, and then of course, all history changes. There would have been no patsy to pin the assassination on and they may have exposed the actual culprits at the time.

Oswald continued his work as a CIA agent and despite living in Dallas, New Orleans, and Dallas, he was attached to the Los Angeles branch.

He was asked to form a pro-Castro group, Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC), but not to recruit members. When he distributed leaflets in New Orleans and they thought he should be surrounded by “members,” they sent out agents from LA. A photo appeared in 2016 in the National Enquirer of Oswald with these agents plus Rafael Cruz, father of Sen. Ted Cruz. He was a Cuban émigré, not living in California, but because the purpose of the exercise was to try to smoke out Cuban agents coming off ships, they thought it would be appropriate to add a Spanish speaker to the group. A letter exists of the LA branch requesting the New Orleans branch not to let the names of its agents leak out. In 2004, Hunter Leake, then number 2 in the New Orleans CIA branch, said he was Oswald’s paymaster.

The CIA and the mob were all mixed up together on a you scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours basis. In Miami, for example, the CIA owned 50 businesses and they would hire mobsters to manage some and they went on the CIA payroll, available for other kinds of business as well.

Oswald was an exceptionally good asset because he was regarded as part of the family in the New Orleans mob headed by Carlos Marcello, who also ran the Dallas operation. Oswald’s uncle Dutz worked for Marcello. In addition to that Oswald received a monthly retainer from the FBI as an informant and he tipped them off to a gunrunning operation just before he was arrested in the assassination. (Dutz’s daughter was also a CIA agent but she was always overseas.)

Oswald in working for the CIA and in tight with the mob knew too much. He knew everything. Framing him as the patsy was not enough; he had to be silenced immediately.

The assignment fell to Jack Ruby, who was the Dallas liaison for the Chicago mob, as documented by the Kefauver commission. Ruby admitted as much on his deathbed. He gave a note to Deputy Sheriff Al Maddox, which said, “it was a conspiracy” and “my role was to silence Oswald.” 

Maddox came forward in 1996. Ruby had been a hitman in the Chicago mob before WWII and his best friend remained their top gun David (“The Executioner”) Yaras, whom he last talked to Nov. 21, the day before the JFK assassination.

The frame-up of Oswald was accomplished by killing a cop J. D. Tippit a half-hour after the JFK assassination. Someone shot Tippit three times and then walked over, as was the mob custom, and put a bullet in his brain. Next someone handed a fake Oswald wallet to a plainclothes cop. No one saw who that someone was. The wallet was filled with documents manufactured by the CIA including a draft card with a photo of Oswald, even though draft cards did not have photos. Oswald’s actual wallet was taken from him at his arrest not long after, but that would vanish, and only the fake wallet went to the FBI in Washington.
Oswald himself was seen standing a mile away at a bus stop three minutes before the shooting and if he could not run a three-minute mile knowing where the finish line was, he could not have been at the scene of the crime.

Oswald had been told by military intelligence that if he ever were in serious trouble to call John Hurt in Raleigh, NC. The night after his arrest he asked to call John Hurt. The Secret Service told the operator not to put the call through. Oswald was killed the next day so he never got a second chance to make that call.
The woman who orchestrated the assassination was Tran Le Xuan, better known as Mme. Nhu.

This is the document that came out in the latest batch quoting a former CIA director.

Richard Helms: “President Johnson used to go around saying that the reason President Kennedy was assassinated was that he had assassinated President Diem.”

That is 100 per cent correct. LBJ kept it quiet because it would have caused trouble for him in the war in Vietnam and he already had enough trouble.

Diem was president of Vietnam and his brother Nhu was his second-in-command. Since Diem was unmarried, Mme. Nhu was the first lady in that country. When those two were killed, she became the head of the family.

Two others beside LBJ figured it out. The first was the KGB. They knew Oswald from the time he was in the USSR. He could not hit the broad side of barn from three feet. He went rabbit hunting and never hit a rabbit. Every marine who served with him said the same thing. The KGB also knew that Mme. Nhu had come to them and asked how much they would take to shoot Kennedy. Khrushchev sent back a message, tell that woman to get lost. The second was James Arthur Duff, a Canadian who ran an espionage ring in China against the Japanese during WWII. When the Communists took over, he just wandered the world for the rest of his life, although no one can say who he was working for, an exceptionally well-informed man. He ran into Dick Russell, a JFK researcher, in the Middle East in 1971 and told him, Mme. Nhu did it.

Mme. Nhu was in the US when her husband was killed Nov. 2. The next day she gave a speech, which was more like a primal scream than a speech. It boiled down to this message to JFK: “You live by the sword. You shall die by the sword.” She was a woman of her word.

The motive for the assassination was crystal clear. Tit-for-tat. You kill my husband. I’ll kill you. She rubbed it in in her letter of “condolence” to his missus, Jackie.

Mme. Nhu: “I do not know you, but you must understand now what a wife feels when told that her husband has been brutally done to death. What has come to you is only one effect of the frightful injustice of which my husband was an innocent victim.”

Mme. Nhu was a petite woman but she was a dynamo in human form. She did more to raise the status of woman in her country than any single individual in history in any country. She abolished both concubinage and polygamy and gave women the right to control their own finances after marriage, almost unheard of in that part of Asia. If any man complained, she would look him straight in the eye and tell him, get out of my way for your own good.

Rees Shapiro: “Mme. Nhu — through her sex appeal, fist-pounding persistence and sporadic charm offensives — came to possess tremendous influence on the affairs of state. Army generals took orders from her. The president did too.”

Here’s how she took down JFK.

Nhu, her husband, among whatever else he did, supplied cocaine to the French Connection in Marseille. They processed it into heroin and sent it off to Montreal and New York and from there the mob sold it throughout the US.

They also had an assassin-for-hire service. If we can judge by what Christian David took from the SDECE, the French CIA, for eliminating a troublesome Moroccan, the going rate was $150,000. They would ask a lot more to do JFK. The price must have been steep because she shopped around and that’s how she ended up asking the Soviets to quote a price.

Negotiations started immediately. She would settle for nothing less than the living legend, the Rambo of France, Michel Victor Mertz. If Mertz decided to blow somebody’s brains out, they were as good as blown.
Mertz made his name in the Resistance in WWII. At one point he walked into a café and gunned down 15 Germans. The Nazis caught him four times; he escaped four times.

He didn’t start being a gangster, rather he married into it. He was a SDECE agent when he fell for Paule Scheller Martel, the adopted daughter of Charles Martel, operator of the most lavish bordello in Paris, Le Sphinx. All bordellos were outlawed in 1946. Like father, like daughter. She would take the show on the road to Montreal. Mertz still did work for the SDECE on call beside handling the heroin exports for the French Connection.

Mertz called the Montreal mafia to find out who could tell him the best time and place to assassinate JFK. They put him in touch with Carlos Marcello in New Orleans. Marcello couldn’t believe it; his dream has just come true. He’d been plotting this very thing for a year. He knew Mertz well. If Mertz was on the job, the assassination was as good as done. Marcello would supply a support team.

David Talbot: “No mafia lord was more venomously agitated against the Kennedy brothers than Marcello, who spent two nightmarish months of exile in Central America before slipping secretly back into the country.”
“The New Orleans godfather made an ominous threat in the fall of 1962. ‘Don’t worry about that little Bobby sonofabitch,’ said Marcello. He would make sure the ‘dog’ stopped biting, not by cutting off its tail — Bobby — but its head, the president.

“Marcello also spoke of taking out ‘insurance’ for the president’s assassination by ‘setting up a nut to take the blame … the way they do it all the time in Sicily.’”

Donald Adams, a very astute FBI agent, mapped out where the shots came from. This was like the Gunfight at the OK Corral, all kinds of gunslingers had shown up to have a go. They were all duffers except for Mertz.

There were 11 shots in all. Five hit. Three of those came from the rear, one into JFK’s back, not fatal, and two into John Connolly, the Texas governor, one in his back and one in his wrist.

There were two venues in the rear, the sixth floor of the Texas Book Depository, but the sightline was obscured by trees, and much better, the roof of the Dal-Tex building. They caught a mobster with 35 convictions on his rap sheet inside the Dal-Tex building. He said he just went in there to call his mother from a pay phone and they let him go.

Forty witnesses had a direct view right across from the sixth floor of the Texas Book Depository of the two shooters there. These were prisoners in the Dallas Jail. They thought that the two riflemen were security guards. Neither of them was Lee Harvey Oswald. No one from law enforcement ever talked to the 40 prisoners. Oswald was working at the depository but he was downstairs sipping a Coke when the shots were fired. Cops ran into him 90 seconds after the last shot. There was no way for him to come down the 84 stairs from the sixth floor because two women on high heels were descending during those very moments at a relatively slow pace. The electricity on the elevators went out when the shots were fired.

Two shots hit from the grassy knoll in front, one in the throat of JFK and the lethal shot, which blew his brains out. Besides that there were six shots that missed, most of them apparently coming from the grassy knoll.

We can assume that Mertz’s first shot was into the throat because he was the only guy on the grassy knoll who could shoot straight and the second was bingo.

The Dallas Police nabbed Mertz immediately. A short time passed and a call came through from Washington, send him over to immigration (INS). They already had Oswald; it was cased closed, wasn’t it?

The INS called Katzenbach, filling in for RFK as a-g, to find out what to do with the guy. Katzenbach called James Angleton at the CIA. At that very moment, by sheerest coincidence – yeah, sure — Angleton was sitting at a meeting with Col. Georges de Lannurien, deputy chief of the SDECE. He told Angleton, he’s one of ours. Angleton told Katzenbach, let him go. Katzenbach told the INS, let him go, and they told the Dallas branch, let him go.

Mertz got into his private plane and flew off to Montreal to be with his beloved Paule and they popped out champagne celebrating a very handsome pay day. You won’t find any pictures of Mertz on the web because every last one of them vanished suddenly throughout France a few years later. Newsday published two faded prints in an exposé of the heroin trade and that may be it unless the Mounties have some or there are more in newspapers on file in France.

The SDECE beat the CIA at its own game. Does that mean they knew why Mertz was in Dallas? Probably. But he was too valuable a man to let go down the drain. Besides that the CIA had tried to kill deGaulle, president of France; turnabout is always fair play.

The OAS, a French-Algerian terrorist organization, had tried 12 times to assassinate deGaulle. In one of them Maurice Brooks Gaitlin, a lawyer, was sent from New Orleans by CIA operatives, to deliver $100,000 to the OAS to finance one of their attempts. Gaitlin would meet his end in 1965 falling from the sixth floor of San Juan hotel. It was ruled a heart attack.

Having tried everything and everyone else, after the 11th attempt deGaulle ordered Mertz to cease marketing heroin and report for duty. Mertz infiltrated the OAS. On Aug. 22, 1962, the OAS ambushed deGaulle, who was with his wife, firing 221 shots at his car, of which 14 hit, some whizzing past the couple’s heads, 20 flew onto and into a nearby café, and the rest missed. deGaulle survived unscathed and Mertz was able to provide names, addresses, and phone numbers of the 12 shooters. The OAS was broken as a threat to the nation and Mertz came under deGaulle’s personal protection.

One of the most dangerous OAS gunmen had not been with that group and he got away to Madrid. His name was Jean René Souêtre. He became the most wanted man in France. When Mertz was arrested, he told the Dallas Police that his name was Jean René Souêtre. The SDECE gave deGaulle that name and he called the Americans immediately to ask if they had captured Souêtre.


Dov Ivry is from the Maritimes in Canada, born in Nova Scotia, raised in New Brunswick. He worked as a journalist there for 20 years with a one-year stop at the Gazette in Montreal. He's been hanging out in Israel for 36 years, doing this and that, and managed to produce 66 books.

Sunday, September 15, 2019

Commandos Mabasies and the Rex

Comandos Mambises - a CIA infiltration team designed to set up an intelligence network and a resistance organization inside Cuba during 1963. 

A Major CIA Covert Op related to the Dealey Plaza Operation -

 [Thanks to Bill Simpich for putting this together]

Members of the team were captured on 10/21/63 when they were deposited on a Cuban beach by the Rex.

Castro paraded the captured Mambaises on Cuban TV and denounced the attempts to kill him. 

The New York Times ran a picture of the Rex on the front page of their November 1, 1963 issue and reported that the Rex was owned by Somoza of Nicaragua and "leased" to Collins Radio of Richardson, Texas. 

Warren Hinckle and William Turner, Deadly Secrets (Thunder's Mouth Press, New York: 1992), p. 152

"(Gordon) Campbell was in charge of the CIA's naval operations in the Caribbean...Captain Alejandro Brooks watched him from the open bridge of the Rex...the 174-foot Rex was the flagship of the CIA's secret Caribbean navy. She was an ex-US Navy patrol craft of early 1940s vintage, formerly engaged in the business of subchasing...the CIA's navy included a sister ship to the Rex, the Leda, plus another four similar ships of the line, and a dozen smaller vessels, all well armed...(the Belcher Oil Company) leased the Rex to Collins Radio International of Dallas for 'electronic and oceanographic research.' Collins was a division of Collins Radio of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, a major defense contractor that more than once provided cover for CIA operations." The twelve commandos on 10/21/63 were all members of the Commandos Mambises, "a wholly owned creation of the CIA, and a crash creation at that. They were trained at a CIA amphibious base near New Orleans...(the) imperative to 'do something' was authorized by President Kennedy on June 19 - a greatly escalated program of sabotage aimed at petroleum facilities, railroad and highway transportation, and electric power and communications facilities in Cuba. This led to the CIA's launching its Caribbean secret navy and the creation of the Commandos Mambises. A measure of the White House green light was that for the first time the CIA was allowed to violate the sanctum sanctorum and target previously off-limits installations that had been owned by American companies. It was a major escalation of the Secret War."

"Mambises first materialized on evening of August 18, 1963 when (Rafael) Pupo made rounds of Guatemala City press offices handing out release about strike against oil storage tanks at strategic port of Casilda. Their leader, Angel Orozco Crespo was captured and later executed. Other raids carried out on October 1 in Cayo Guin and October 22 at port of Isabela de Sagua. Also on October 22, Mambises unit attempted a landing from the Rex on Pinar del Rio Province. Set off a firefight and strafing of freighter J. Louis by MIGs. US charged that Cuba had attacked the J. Louis without provocation, but Castro reported that four of the Rex crew had been captured, described the Rex and named her home port in West Palm Beach...The Rex was harbored at West Palm Beach and the Leda at Port Everglades. Captains of the vessels were brother Alejandro Brooks (Rex) and Gaspar Brooks (Leda). Both flew the flag of Nicaragua...those captured were Alberto del Busto, Luis Montero Carranzana, Dr. Clemente Inclan Werner, and one not identified by name."

The five sabotage raids led by the CIA were said to take place on August 18, August 19, September 30, October 21, and December 23.

Jesus Arboleya, The Cuban Counterrevolutionaries (Ohio University, 2000), p. 131

"Manuel Villafana, who had been head of the Cuban Air Force in exile, was chosen to lead (the Comandos Mambises in 1963). The Comandos in reality consisted of an elite paramilitary group trained in New Orleans that was to operate with the support of the Agency's fleet."

Re 10/21/63: "Some (Bay of Pigs) veterans were assigned to the 'spook ship' Rex, a 175-foot converted US Navy patrol boat that made hundreds of clandestine voyages to Cuba. Flying the Nicaraguan flag, the Rex operated out of West Palm Beach and Fort Lauderdale, Florida. It carried the latest radar and sonar equipment, five cannons, several .30 caliber machine guns and two 20-foot speedboats. Its skipper reportedly was Eugenio Rolando Martinez, a Miami real estate salesman and CIA agent who made more than 300 nocturnal runs to Cuba. (He was taken off the official CIA payroll in 1972, the day after he was caught in the Watergate break-in.)...On the night of October 21, 1963, the Rex sent its twin speedboats ashore at the western tip of Cuba. The landing was observed by a militia patrol and the six men in the first boat were captured as soon as they hit the beach. The second launch was sunk by a Cuban gunboat as it raced back to the Rex. Cannon fire from the Rex drove off the Cuban vessel. The men in the water were hauled aboard the spy ship. Next morning, a US Navy submarine surfaced near the Rex off the Bahamas. Five Cubans - four dead, one wounded - reportedly were transferred to the sub, which then submerged and headed to Florida." 

See 4/24/75, Paul Meskil, "A Mission to Cuba: Tale of the Doomed Raiders", NY Daily News.

Fabian Escalante, JFK: The Cuban Files (Ocean Press, 2006), p. 244

"October 22 (1963): During the night, Cuban airplanes intercepted and attacked two V-20 pirate launches as they were attempting to land arms and saboteurs in Cuba on the southern coast of Pinar del Rio province. The Cuban aircraft also located and attacked the 'mother ship' that had transported the launches. The enemy action was frustrated in a coordinated air force and coastal defense action. CIA agents Clemente Inclan Werner, chief of security in actions organized against Cuba from the Rex vessel, and crew members Luis Montero Carranza and Roberto Lizano Rodriguez were captured. Spokesmen from the Comsandos L stated that Cuban counter-revolutionary groups under CIA direction were given every assistance in their anti-Cuba actions, citing the case of the Mambi Commandos (note: Comandos Mambises), who had engaged in attacks on Cuba from points in US territory." His capture is verified in this CIA 

10/24/63 cable from Mexico City to Director: "'Gonzalez' and 'Buenrostro' (sic) have been in custody (of) Mexi Navy since late afternoon 23 Oct. Both wounded in legs. Receiving adequate medical attention at Cozumel Naval Base...Madrid should stand by however should WAVE or HQS wish (to) attempt contact with Cubans with message from 'Captain Wally' in order (to) advise Cubans on their third and new cover story..."

10/26/63 cable from Mexico City to Director, slugline RYBAT TYPIC AMGLOSSY: After the American embassy in Merida got a request for help from AMGLOSSY, Mexico City's response was "Mexi suggests base take no action pending WAVE/DIR instructions. Due (to) some recent info that AMGLOSSY Cubans now under Castro control Mexi suggests that normal answer as sent..." There is a note saying that "Mr. Tilton SAS notified."

10/26/63 cable MEXI-6684 from Mexico City to Director: "Mexi in telecon (with) Chief of Base Madrid morning 26 October. Agreed he will use Madrid exile relief leader as method (of) funding AMGLOSSY Cubans in Cozumel. ASAP (the Chief of Base) will send exile leader with about five thousand pesos 'from Mr. Wally'...Madrid making every effort (to) investigate unknown Cubans Islas Mujeres to ascertain if they AMGLOSSY types. LITEMPOS still unable to report when they can move AMGLOSSY Cubans to Madrid or Mexico City."

"Airmailing to Pieper address 3 Nov edition of newspaper Hoy containing detailed account confessions captured Rex expeditionaries."

11/8/63 press conference with CIA agents captured in Cuba. They were identified as Clemente Inclan Werner (note: AMSIGH-2), Luis Montero Carranza, and Roberto Lizano Rodriguez. Inclan Werner said, "The US citizen working with the infiltration group was my chief, his name is Hank...a US citizen whom I understand was a retired naval officer was in charge of the ship. His name is Wally...Later this Wally was promoted and another US citizen took over the ship. His name was Bob...(at page 5): The main plan of the group was to establish an intelligence network...over radio through a radio operator who was brought to the CIA base in the United States. As a secondary mission, the team was to set up a resistance organization..." (at page 9): Werner explained that he was a lawyer for the university until he left Cuba in 1960 and had been previously active in the MDC...(at page 14): Inclan served on the team as an interpreter and security officer...the ship's captain was Alejandro Brooks.

1/29/64 contact report #38 from AMWORLD: "The remaining members of the AMGLOSSY team have applied for jobs with AMWORLD. They told AMYUM-19 that they were sent over by (CIA) since we had no further use for them. It is planned to use them as instructors or as cadre."

Sunday, September 8, 2019

Control of Communications - First Draft


If one of our primary hypothesis is true- and the assassination was not the work of a deranged lone gunman but rather a very detailed plot, plan and coup d’etat – then those responsible for the killing of the President did so by the book – Coup d’etat A Practical Handbook – by Edward Lutwak, in which control of the communications is a requirement for a successful coup.

If that is true, and those responsible for the assassination controlled the communications, we can identify them by determining who controlled the communications and how they did it. Sort of working the evidence backwards, as we know a lot more now than anyone did then.

Control of Communications is one of the five aspects of the German military's Valkyrie Plot to kill Hitler that appears to have been adapted for use against Castro that was redirected to JFK in Dallas. The Communications are a key element in any covert intelligence operation, and would have to have been included in any serious operation aimed at killing the president. 

For starters, we know most of the early information about the assassinations came across radios – first the radios in the motorcade, then commercial public radio stations – and they were limited.

The Known Base Stations were:

The Dallas Police had two active channels – One and Two – both recorded by dictabelts, which are the basis of the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) acoustical study which concluded there are four shots on the tape. All Dallas PD cars and motorcycles had radios tuned to these two channels.
White House Communications Agency (WHCA) also manned a makeshift base station in a suite of rooms at the Dallas Sheraton Hotel, where the Secret Service and WHCA – as well as George Herbert Walker Bush were registered.

It is also the locaton of the lobby where David Atlee Phillips met with Antonio Veciana and Lee Harvey Oswald in September 1963.

This base station was for “Charlie” Channel, the motorcade’s primary channel used by the secuirty team and monitored by Captain Swindell, who sat in the pilot’s seat of Air Force One and listened in.

In the motorcade there were radios tuned to Charlie Channel in the pilot car, the lead car, the Lincoln Limo the President was in and the car LBJ was in a few cars back. Other cars in the motorcade may also have radios.

There were two other sideband radios on Air Force One – but they were not used and the automatic recording device did not kick in until the plane was in the air.

The Air Force One radios were associated with the Mystic Star network – run by the WHCA – which utilized an AT&T switchboard known as “Waldorf,” and had relay stations in Brandywine and Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the headquarters of Collins Radio – makers of the radios and contractors for their use. The relay staton in Cedar Rapids was known as “Liberty” and can be heard often on the extant AF1 radio tapes.

Others base stations attached to the Mystic Star – Air Force One – network included the White House Situation Room, Andrews Air Force Base – home of AF1, and the Strategic Air Command (SAC) – the Air Force bomb and missle command that also used Collins Radio and were attached to this network.

After the assassination a makeshift WHCA base station was set up in the office of the Secret Service Director in his office in the Executive Office Building (EOB) next door to the White House.
Other base stations attached to the network were Site R – and the SAC headquarters, but they remained silent during most of the assassination proceedings.

More recently, another base station was identified – at the Dallas Emergency Command Post – a bomb proof underground command and control center below the Science Museum at the Texas State Fairgrounds, where the Dallas Police Special Services Unit also made their headquarters. More than half of the Dallas Special Service bureau policeman were also US Army Reserve officers.

This Dallas Emergency Command Post was run by Jack Crichton, head of the US Army 488th Intelligence Unit, though Crichton reported to be at a conference at the Adolphis Hotel at the time of the assassination, while the Emergency Command Post was directed by an assistant, also a Colonel........

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MORE TO COME ON THIS – A Work in Progress - 

Thursday, August 29, 2019

The Secret is Out - E-Systems, Inc.


By John Mintz
Washington Post
October 24, 1994

If Big Brother ever took control of the United States, E-Systems Inc. would surely be its prime contractor. Consider:

* E-Systems designs spy satellite gear that can snap photographs of automobile license plates from space and capture electronic communications, from phone calls to rocket telemetry.
* E-Systems software can analyze those spy satellite photos to see if anything has changed -- a Russian tank moved or an Iraqi missile site built -- since the last shots were taken.
* E-Systems can build "electronic fences" to police borders. It helped build one such network of sensors to monitor drug traffickers along the U.S. border with Mexico, and the company says it hopes to build a more sophisticated one for Saudi Arabia.
* And E-Systems hardware can help federal drug enforcement agencies track cocaine planes and tap drug dealers' telephones.

In short, E-Systems' technologies, part of the central nervous system for the nation's intelligence community, are regarded as brilliant by intelligence agencies and Wall Street.

But the firm's closets also contain some classified skeletons. Critics say in some ways the company is almost indistinguishable from the CIA because it operates so secretly, lacks accountability and is loaded with retirees from the CIA and other intelligence agencies. E-Systems' critics say it has lied in legal proceedings to protect its interests. {Details, Page A10.}

E-Systems, which is based in Dallas but has a strong presence in Falls Church, is a company with an identity crisis. For decades a fixture in classified work, it is accustomed to selling its wares only to the intelligence community -- and doing it secretly.

But now, with competition increasing for a declining number of classified contracts, E-Systems is desperate to change. For the first time in its history, it wants to communicate with outsiders, loosen its military-like corporate culture and become more entrepreneurial. The firm also is trying to transform its secret technologies into things it can sell to the public. One problem is that most of its classified gear is so capable and expensive it must be "dumbed down" to be sold to outsiders.

"We don't have a clue how to market commercially," said Lowell Lawson, chairman of E-Systems. Added company spokesman John Kumpf, "When we try to break out and commercialize, people don't know who the hell we are."

Some industry analysts say E-Systems must merge with a large defense firm to ensure its survival, and there is speculation among defense industry analysts that such a merger may be in the works. Bethesda-based Martin Marietta Corp. often has been mentioned as a suitor, as has fast-growing Loral Corp., whose chairman, Bernard Schwartz, effusively praised E-Systems in a recent interview.

"It's a neat fit with Loral ... and has a great technology base," Schwartz said.

The firm has one asset that could be worth billions to any partner: the trust of the nation's intelligence establishment. Elliott Rogers, a defense industry analyst with Cowen & Co., a New York-based brokerage firm, says that when he asks intelligence officials which firm they consider most reliable and discreet, the usual reply is E-Systems. "It is viewed as so key partly because it keeps its mouth shut," he said.

'We Didn't Want to Talk ...'

E-Systems recently allowed the first visit ever by a reporter to its headquarters and its plants after seven months of negotiations. Security was so tight that on a tour of the firm's plant in Garland, Tex., a company official kept track of what was said on not one, but two tape recorders.

"We didn't want to talk to you," said Lawson, a 29-year E-Systems veteran, in his wood-paneled office, filled with paintings of the Old West. "I may not do this again ... The customer doesn't want us talked about."
"The customer" is a term E-Systems employees use often, as in "the customer is disappointed," to refer to the CIA, the National Security Agency and other hush-hush agencies.

Classified contracts furnished $1.8 billion of E-Systems' $2.1 billion in 1993 revenue, or 85 percent of sales -- the highest percentage of any large firm. The firm wants the ratio to be half classified, half unclassified by the year 2000.

With 15,625 employees, E-Systems has pared its work force nearly 18 percent from its 1988 high of 19,000 people. It has 3,300 employees in the Washington area, mostly in Falls Church at its Melpar division, which makes the reconnaissance gear used in spy planes to take pictures and capture electronic signals.

The central problem for E-Systems, its officials said, is a lack of experience in designing products or services for public customers, known by some in the firm as the "white" world, as opposed to those in the secretive intelligence environment, often referred to as "black."

As one Air Force official put it, E-Systems "has been black so long it doesn't know how to operate any other way."

Even so, all the firm's divisions are dreaming up new commercial ventures. For example, a machine the company designed for the NSA now makes it possible for a police officer to tap 16 phone lines at once.
E-Systems also is seeking new uses for CIA-sponsored computer technology that can process, enhance and compare spy satellite photos. By filtering out clouds, fog, soot and snow, E-Systems computers can discern subtle changes in the pictures -- such as a hatch door that's ajar at a Russian missile base -- and help interpret the meaning, perhaps a missile launch.

Now the firm is adapting these computers to spot differences over time in human tissue -- to note, for example, tiny breast lumps that may be cancerous.

E-Systems also is commercializing gear it made years ago to let the NSA store vast amounts of computer data -- the phone calls and electronic bleeps recorded by spy satellites.

An E-Systems division called EMASS sells this technology to oil companies keeping large quantities of seismic data, as well as to banks and video archives. Linking several phone booth-sized EMASS computers, it is possible to store 5 trillion pages of text -- a stack of paper 150 miles high -- and retrieve any page with lightning-fast speed.

Commercial uses might be found too for the company's once-secret sensor gear, which could be valuable in detecting vehicle traffic volume, for example, or mapping the Earth's underground strata.

Some E-Systems employees, fearful about sharing secrets with outsiders, were uncomfortable in 1992 when the company hired former Xerox Corp. executive Mike Allred to market EMASS to commercial firms, industry officials said.

"A lot of walls have come down" since then, Allred said.

Marketing Secrecy

E-Systems, founded by Texas aviation engineers in the 1940s, specialized in aircraft electronics and was known as Temco. In 1960 it was snapped up by James J. Ling, an audacious Dallas wheeler-dealer who built a motley conglomerate called LTV Corp.

By 1968 LTV was teetering under a debt load Ling had accumulated. Soon LTV's board sacked him, but on his way out Ling placed the financially failing Temco division, renamed LTV Electrosystems, in the hands of his corporate planner, economist John W. Dixon.

Dixon was a visionary who quickly assigned his engineers to work on a lucrative new business: extremely high-tech electronics and computers for classified spy craft and surveillance systems.

LTV Electrosystems was a market leader from the start. It was the dawn of the computer age, and the federal government was just starting to build the classified computer networks that now, billions of dollars later, handle much of the data collected by the U.S. intelligence community.

"We were there just at the right time," James Crowley, now E-Systems' general counsel, said of the firm's early work. "There were only one or two other firms there too."

LTV Electrosystems was extremely secretive. One of the few news stories about it concerned a lawsuit filed against the division by the widow of an Electrosystems employee killed in the 1971 crash of an Air Force plane on a classified mission in the South Pacific. It emerged that the plane had been sent there to spy on a French atomic explosion.

There was little public notice too in 1972, when LTV spun off Electrosystems, now renamed E-Systems, by selling its stake in Electrosystems to investors.

In the early 1970s E-Systems won several key contracts, such as installing communications gear on Air Force One, that helped established its position in the secret world. The company has held on to this and other classified contracts for decades.

An episode from the mid-1970s suggests the trust the government had in E-Systems.

For decades the CIA had owned "proprietary" airlines to help it conduct secret operations around the world. By 1975 the agency had little need to continue the practice, since the Vietnam War was over and the airlines' covers had been blown.

The CIA asked E-Systems and Lockheed, another trusted contractor, to buy Air America and Air Asia, two CIA-owned airlines. The firms weren't interested in Air America, known for swashbuckling airdrops and other derring-do.

In 1975 E-Systems bought Air Asia, the assets of which included a huge aircraft repair facility in Taiwan, for $1.9 million. E-Systems said it lost money on the deal, but critics said the price was low because audits showed Air Asia was worth $3.2 million.

The company's ties to the government have been laced tighter over the years as it hired hundreds of CIA, NSA and military retirees as employees or subcontractors.

For years its board of directors included retired Navy admiral William F. Raborn, father of the Polaris missile program and CIA director under President Lyndon B. Johnson. Another former high-ranking CIA official, Lloyd K. Lauderdale, was E-Systems' vice president of research for years. Oliver Kirby, a former deputy director at NSA, helped run one of the company's divisions in the 1980s, and Peter Marino, a 16-year CIA veteran, is chief of another.

CIA employees who are experts in high technology are "automatic hires" for the firm, a former CIA official said. "E-Systems made it a point to say, 'When you retire, come work for us.' ... E-Systems has one of the more unique relationships with the agency," he added, calling it "chummy."

A staff member of a congressional intelligence committee said E-Systems is "virtually indistinguishable" from the agencies it serves.

"Congress will ask for a briefing from E-Systems, and the {CIA} program manager shows up," he said

 "Sometimes he gives the briefing. They're interchangeable."


It's not easy divining what goes on at E-Systems.

For years, employees at E-Systems' closely guarded Greenville, Tex., airfield have compared notes about various aircraft stored at remote hangars. Employees said they often are asked to repaint the identifying numbers on the planes' tails -- leading them to suspect they are being used on covert missions.

"Nothing illegal is going on there," Lawson said.

Former employees said that for years E-Systems has copied a tactic used by intelligence agencies: It sets up bogus secret contracts, with phony code names and paperwork, to mislead potential snoopers inside and outside the company. When asked about it, Lawson suggested that a reporter "drop it."

Congressional and Pentagon investigators, former E-Systems employees and an ex-CIA official said the government gives E-Systems latitude to shift funds and secret equipment among classified intelligence contracts in ways most contractors can't.

Lawson denied this. "We have an arm's-length business with the CIA," he said. "They jump on us if we do anything wrong. ... There are no secret kitties or diversions of funds. There's clear accountability."

Lawson acknowledged that federal investigators and even some company employees think the company gets special handling because the intelligence community gives trusted classified contractors slack in following paperwork and manufacturing specifications. This is done to ensure success of a mission, such as getting a spy plane in the air quickly, he said.

Lawson agreed that the arrangement is "tailor-made" to nurture suspicions among reporters and federal investigators that E-Systems is a CIA front. However, Lawson said, "we weren't, aren't, never have been" a CIA front.

The firm believes such suspicions helped prompt a number of disgruntled former employees to file lawsuits against E-Systems, as well as spurring a four-year federal investigation of allegations that the company overcharged the government or inflated bids on contracts.

The company denies the allegations and says it believes the probe is dormant. But knowledgeable sources say it is ongoing. The Justice Department declines to comment. E-Systems officials say they have cooperated fully with government officials and have provided more than a million documents.

Nonetheless, for a company that makes keeping secrets a key marketing tool, lawsuits and federal investigations are deeply disturbing.

"We're a real quiet company," Lawson said. "I don't want to see myself on Forbes's cover."

* Chief executive: A. Lowell Lawson
* Headquarters: Dallas
* Divisions:
Garland, Tex.
Greenville, Tex.
Melpar in Falls Church
ECI in St. Petersburg, Fla.
* Work force: 15,625.
* Recent successes:
Landed contracts worth as much as $850 million to upgrade U.S. and Australian submarine- hunting aircraft.
* Recent setbacks:
Lost bid to computerize federal student loans; and the German government delayed execution of E-Systems contract to build surveillance planes.
* Main competitors: Lockheed Corp., Martin Marietta Corp., Hughes Aircraft Co., Loral Corp., Rockwell International Corp., TRW Inc.


REVENUE IN BILLION (Chart not available.)
Reconnaissance and surveillance: 60%
Aircraft maintenance and modification: 18%
Command, control and communications: 16%
Navigation and controls: 6%

E-Systems develops software and hardware used by the CIA and NSA to take pictures and eavesdrop from spy satellites and planes. Its gear also is used to gather and analyze the data at secret facilities. Among its other projects, E-Systems:
* Installed the electronics and communications systems in Air Force One and other White House aircraft.
* Fitted jets with communications gear for use by past or present heads of state of Romania, Israel, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria and Malaysia.
* Built the E-4B, nicknamed the "Doomsday Plane," an airborne command post for the White House and Pentagon in a nuclear attack. It has a miles-long trailing antenna to communicate with the U.S. submarine fleet.
* Helped develop ground stations in China that eavesdrop on Soviet missiles in flight. The United States shared the data with China.
* Equipped C-130 transports with special radar and engines. They descend to low altitudes to drop and pick up commandos on sabotage or hostage rescue missions. Launched after a failed U.S. hostage rescue attempt in Iran.
* Developed satellite systems to verify Soviet and Russian compliance with nuclear arms treaty agreements.
* Packed 707 jets with high-tech gear (photo of RC-135, below) that fly from the Aleutian Islands and collect electronic signals and snap photos under code names such as Cobra Ball. In 1983, the Soviets shot down a Korean airliner, and killed 269 people, mistaking it for a Cobra Ball jet.
* Makes, installs and runs electronic gear used by law enforcement agencies to monitor drug dealers in this country and overseas. Maintains Customs Service planes for surveillance of drug planes and ships.

A sampling of the code names E-Systems uses on classified projects.
Rivet Joint
Comfy Bugle
Seek Bandit
Have Shell
Have Xray
Have Eyes
Credible Falcon
Senior Deb
Senior Guardian
Senior Quest
Quest Junior
Creek Window
Big Safari
Cobra Ball
Cobra Eye
Cobra Dane
Cold Helmet
Operation Stallion
Desert Tea
Desert Wind
Big Apple
Leader Store
Combat Sent
Burning Wind