New Book "Gangsterism" shows Frank Forini Sturgis was not run by the CIA but US military.
Embassy, Ambassador, U.S. , Department of
State, Bureau of Inter-American Havana
As for Sturgis, his real name was Frank Forini, he was born in Philadelphia and enlisted in the USMC and like L. H. Oswald, Sturgis basically fit the “Covert Operative” Personality Profile, soldier-of-fortune drawn to Cuba for the adventure, and after being caught as a Watergate burglar, exposed a whole network of covert subafuge that was operating domestically in the political arena.
A few days after the assassination of the President in
Sturgis was quoted in the Dallas
newspapers by Florida CIA Mockingbird asset Thomas
Buchanin, who Sturgis told he knew Oswald had been to
with the anti-Castro commandos, but then backed off that claim a few days
After Watergrate, one of the things I found strange was the
basic acknowledgement of E. Howard Hunt’s previous employment as a CIA
officer, but categorically denying Frank Forini Sturgis was ever an employee,
contract agent, operative or asset in any way, which made me wonder whether
they were still just plausibly denying the obvious, or what?
Then when Strugis’ 201 file and official
file was released under the JFK Act, as it had been reviewed by the Rockefeller
Commission and Church Committee, the official CIA
file seemed to indicate the CIA was being
truthful, and Frank Sturgis, of Watergate burglary fame, was NOT a CIA
agent, former CIA agent or directly
affiliated with them in any way. In fact his CIA
file indicated they often got “trace” requests from CIA
officers and operators in the field who really wanted to know if Frank Sturgis
was “with them” or not, and the answer was inevitably NO, Sturgis was not CIA.
In fact the CIA officers who kept track of
him and added comments to his 201 file, thick with news reports of his
self-promoted Soldier of Fortune fame, disparaged him for making too much news.
If not the
CIA, who then
was “running” Frank Sturgis?
And the answer, at least I didn’t know it before, the answer is when Frank Sturgis was in
supporting Castro and pulling off the gun running, Cuban Air Force and Cuba
casino Shennigans, was reporting to the US Military Attache at the US Embassy
in Havana , Colonel Erickson Nichols.
There’s also a mention of Robert Van Horn. Havana
This information comes from the newly published book, Gangsterismo – The
, US , and the Mafia: 1933 to 1966 by Jack
Colhoun (OR Books, NY, Cuba ,
p. 57-60 - “When
nightclub owner Frank Fiorini arrived in Virginia Beach ,
he was on a mission for former President Carlos Prio. Prio told Fiorini, ‘Go to
Cuba , join
Castro’s army and let me know what he’s doing.’ Fiorini met Prio through his
uncle’s Cuban wife, who worked for Prio in Cuba .
In 1957 Fiorini traveled to the Sierra Maestra mountains, where he met Fidel
Castro and volunteered his services. He served as a courier for the July 26th
Movement, relaying messages between the guerrillas in the Sierra Maestra and
the underground in Miami and Havana . He also organized arms shipments to the
Sierra Maestra.” Santiago
“In the 1970s, Fiorini testified about his Cuba-related gun running to Vice President Nelson Rockefeller’s Commission on
Activities within the .
By the time he testified, Fiorini had gained notoriety, using the name “Frank
Sturgis,” as one of President Richard Nixon’s “Watergate burglers.” United States
“As Fiorini was leaving
, he was given the names of two men to look up
de Cuba : ‘Colonel Nichols’ and
‘Major Van Horn.’ Erickson Nichols and
Robert Van Horn were air force attaché and assistant air attaché at the U.S.
Embassy.” 226 Havana
Note: 226: “The name of the person who advised Fiorini was redacted. Memorandum for the Record by Chris Hopkins, “Frank Fiorini - Frank Sturgis,” October 4, 1973, JFKAC,
Collection, Box 8, Folder
Frank Sturgis - Unsanitized.
227 Frank (Fiorini) Sturgis, JFKAC, Church Committee,
36, Folder 4; Testimony,
Rockefeller Commission, 52–54, 180; Memorandum from Legat,
to Director, Havana
FBI, “Santo Trafficante, Jr.,”
December 10, 1958, JFKAC, HSCA Subject: Salvatore
Memorandum from Major Van Horn, Assistant Air Attache, to
Air Incursions; Cuba CIA Memorandum from Chief,
American Division, to General Counsel, “Geraldine Isabella Shamma,”
April 6, 1976,
JFKAC, HSCA, Segregated.”
“Fiorini told the Rockefeller Commission that he met with Colonel Nichols ‘quite a number of times’ at the U.S. Embassy. At their first meeting, Fiorini agreed to supply intelligence on the Cuban revolution. Nichols encouraged Fiorini to get ‘in a good position’ to gain access to intelligence in the Cuban air force. 227 Shortly thereafter, Air Force Chief Pedro Diaz Lanz appointed Fiorini head of security and intelligence of the Cuban air force, and supervisor of training for the Military Police. Diaz Lanz and Fiorini became friends through their work in the July 26th Movement arms-procurement network….”
p. 69 - “In testimony to the Rockefeller Commission, Frank Fiorini confirmed that (Commandante of Cuban Army in Camaguey Huber) Matros did meet with the Diaz Lanz group in the Cuban air force and discussed ‘communist infiltration into the military forces.’ Fiorini said that he reported this to Colonel Nichols, who ‘was very interested.’” 266
Note 266: “Frank Sturgis Testimony, Rockefeller Commission, April 3, 1975, 55, JFKAC, Church Committee, Box 46, Folder 4; Hunt, Give Us This Day, 98-99.